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Increased expression of epidermal growth factor receptors in basal cell hyperplasia of the oesophagus after acid reflux oesophagitis in rats.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2002; 16 Suppl 2:52-8AP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Epidermal growth factor (EGF), which binds to EGF receptors (EGF-R), stimulates oesophageal epithelial cell proliferation, enabling rapid repair after mucosal injury. In the normal human oesophageal epithelium, EGF-R expression is present and confined to the basal layer.

AIM

To examine histological changes in and dynamics of EGF-R expression during healing after acid reflux oesophagitis in a rat model.

METHODS

Gastric acid reflux oesophagitis was induced in Wistar rats by ligation of the pylorus and the transitional region between the forestomach and the grandular portion for 5 h, followed by release of both ligations. Rats were killed 7 and 14 days after production of oesophagitis to examine macroscopic and histological changes as well as dynamics of EGF-R expression. Epithelial cell proliferation was assessed by bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) uptake, and expression of EGF-R mRNA and protein by RT-PCR and Western blotting or immunohistochemistry.

RESULTS

Gastric acid reflux induced erosive and ulcerative mucosal lesions in the lower and middle part of the oesophagus. These lesions were healed by 14 days and histologically showed thickening of the oesophageal epithelium from 41.11 +/- 3.09 microm in controls to 142.73 +/- 11.59 microm (P < 0.001) in ligated rats, as well as elongation of papillae and basal cell hyperplasia. The number of BrdU-positive cells among basal cells on day 14 was significantly increased from 7.1 +/- 0.8/field in controls to 30.9 +/- 3.0/field in ligated rats. Expression of EGF-R mRNA and protein was significantly increased on day 14 and most basal cells were immunohistochemically positive in both BrdU and EGF-R staining.

CONCLUSION

Acid reflux-induced oesophageal injury caused basal cell hyperplasia with an increase in cell proliferation and EGF-R expression. Activation of EGF-R gene and protein in response to acid reflux-induced injury may facilitate mucosal healing. These results suggest that epidermal growth factor receptors play a crucial role in healing after acid reflux oesophagitis in rats.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Gastroenterology, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Abeno-ku, Japan. yasu@med.osaka-cu.ac.jpNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11966524

Citation

Fujiwara, Y, et al. "Increased Expression of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptors in Basal Cell Hyperplasia of the Oesophagus After Acid Reflux Oesophagitis in Rats." Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, vol. 16 Suppl 2, 2002, pp. 52-8.
Fujiwara Y, Higuchi K, Takashima T, et al. Increased expression of epidermal growth factor receptors in basal cell hyperplasia of the oesophagus after acid reflux oesophagitis in rats. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2002;16 Suppl 2:52-8.
Fujiwara, Y., Higuchi, K., Takashima, T., Hamaguchi, M., Watanabe, T., Tominaga, K., ... Arakawa, T. (2002). Increased expression of epidermal growth factor receptors in basal cell hyperplasia of the oesophagus after acid reflux oesophagitis in rats. Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 16 Suppl 2, pp. 52-8.
Fujiwara Y, et al. Increased Expression of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptors in Basal Cell Hyperplasia of the Oesophagus After Acid Reflux Oesophagitis in Rats. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2002;16 Suppl 2:52-8. PubMed PMID: 11966524.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Increased expression of epidermal growth factor receptors in basal cell hyperplasia of the oesophagus after acid reflux oesophagitis in rats. AU - Fujiwara,Y, AU - Higuchi,K, AU - Takashima,T, AU - Hamaguchi,M, AU - Watanabe,T, AU - Tominaga,K, AU - Oshitani,N, AU - Matsumoto,T, AU - Arakawa,T, PY - 2002/4/23/pubmed PY - 2002/7/16/medline PY - 2002/4/23/entrez SP - 52 EP - 8 JF - Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics JO - Aliment. Pharmacol. Ther. VL - 16 Suppl 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Epidermal growth factor (EGF), which binds to EGF receptors (EGF-R), stimulates oesophageal epithelial cell proliferation, enabling rapid repair after mucosal injury. In the normal human oesophageal epithelium, EGF-R expression is present and confined to the basal layer. AIM: To examine histological changes in and dynamics of EGF-R expression during healing after acid reflux oesophagitis in a rat model. METHODS: Gastric acid reflux oesophagitis was induced in Wistar rats by ligation of the pylorus and the transitional region between the forestomach and the grandular portion for 5 h, followed by release of both ligations. Rats were killed 7 and 14 days after production of oesophagitis to examine macroscopic and histological changes as well as dynamics of EGF-R expression. Epithelial cell proliferation was assessed by bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) uptake, and expression of EGF-R mRNA and protein by RT-PCR and Western blotting or immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Gastric acid reflux induced erosive and ulcerative mucosal lesions in the lower and middle part of the oesophagus. These lesions were healed by 14 days and histologically showed thickening of the oesophageal epithelium from 41.11 +/- 3.09 microm in controls to 142.73 +/- 11.59 microm (P < 0.001) in ligated rats, as well as elongation of papillae and basal cell hyperplasia. The number of BrdU-positive cells among basal cells on day 14 was significantly increased from 7.1 +/- 0.8/field in controls to 30.9 +/- 3.0/field in ligated rats. Expression of EGF-R mRNA and protein was significantly increased on day 14 and most basal cells were immunohistochemically positive in both BrdU and EGF-R staining. CONCLUSION: Acid reflux-induced oesophageal injury caused basal cell hyperplasia with an increase in cell proliferation and EGF-R expression. Activation of EGF-R gene and protein in response to acid reflux-induced injury may facilitate mucosal healing. These results suggest that epidermal growth factor receptors play a crucial role in healing after acid reflux oesophagitis in rats. SN - 0269-2813 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11966524/Increased_expression_of_epidermal_growth_factor_receptors_in_basal_cell_hyperplasia_of_the_oesophagus_after_acid_reflux_oesophagitis_in_rats_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&amp;sid=nlm:pubmed&amp;issn=0269-2813&amp;date=2002&amp;volume=16&amp;issue=&amp;spage=52 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -