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Short wavelength automated perimetry, frequency doubling technology perimetry, and pattern electroretinography for prediction of progressive glaucomatous standard visual field defects.
Ophthalmology. 2002 May; 109(5):1009-17.O

Abstract

PURPOSE

To evaluate the clinical use of a test battery of short wavelength automated perimetry (SWAP), frequency doubling technology perimetry (FDT), and pattern electroretinography (PERG) in predicting progressive glaucomatous visual field defects on standard automated perimetry (SAP).

STUDY DESIGN

A prospective, longitudinal, observational case series.

PARTICIPANTS

One hundred and fifty-two patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) with bilateral glaucomatous visual field defects on SAP were followed at 6-month intervals over a period of 30 months.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Short wavelength automated perimetry, FDT, and PERG results were compared between POAG eyes with and without progressive field loss on SAP. These two groups were used to evaluate whether PERG, SWAP, and/or FDT is predictive of future progression of field loss on SAP.

RESULTS

Using the criteria of progressive field loss on SAP defined by the Collaborative Normal Tension Glaucoma Study, 54 eyes (study group) of 54 POAG patients showed progressive defects, whereas 84 eyes (control group) of 84 POAG patients showed no progression. Only 11.1% (6 of 54) of the eyes with a progression of field loss on SAP showed no increase of deficits on the three functional tests before progression. Short wavelength automated perimetry detected early progressive defects on SAP in 43 of the 54 eyes (79.6%). Of these 54 POAG eyes, FDT showed progressive deficits in 40 eyes (74.1%), whereas PERG amplitude P1N2 showed progressive deficits in 35 eyes (64.8%) before progression of field loss on SAP. A test battery consisting of SWAP and PERG P1N2-amplitude was able to detect 88.9% of eyes before a prediction of field loss on SAP. When comparing the results of the two functional tests, SWAP and FDT in the 84 eyes without progression of field loss on SAP between baseline and at 30 months, SWAP and FDT showed progressive deficits in 34.5% and 35.7%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS

All three tests (SWAP, FDT, and PERG) have been successful in detecting glaucoma eyes with a future progression of standard visual field defects. A test battery of SWAP and PERG P1N2-amplitude improved the power to predict these progressive defects on SAP. It remains to be seen whether the long-term follow-up in POAG eyes will improve the false-positive rate of SWAP and FDT.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Ophthalmology, Eberhard-Karls-University, Tuebingen, Germany. andreasubayer@yahoo.deNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11986111

Citation

Bayer, Andreas U., and Carl Erb. "Short Wavelength Automated Perimetry, Frequency Doubling Technology Perimetry, and Pattern Electroretinography for Prediction of Progressive Glaucomatous Standard Visual Field Defects." Ophthalmology, vol. 109, no. 5, 2002, pp. 1009-17.
Bayer AU, Erb C. Short wavelength automated perimetry, frequency doubling technology perimetry, and pattern electroretinography for prediction of progressive glaucomatous standard visual field defects. Ophthalmology. 2002;109(5):1009-17.
Bayer, A. U., & Erb, C. (2002). Short wavelength automated perimetry, frequency doubling technology perimetry, and pattern electroretinography for prediction of progressive glaucomatous standard visual field defects. Ophthalmology, 109(5), 1009-17.
Bayer AU, Erb C. Short Wavelength Automated Perimetry, Frequency Doubling Technology Perimetry, and Pattern Electroretinography for Prediction of Progressive Glaucomatous Standard Visual Field Defects. Ophthalmology. 2002;109(5):1009-17. PubMed PMID: 11986111.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Short wavelength automated perimetry, frequency doubling technology perimetry, and pattern electroretinography for prediction of progressive glaucomatous standard visual field defects. AU - Bayer,Andreas U, AU - Erb,Carl, PY - 2002/5/3/pubmed PY - 2002/5/17/medline PY - 2002/5/3/entrez SP - 1009 EP - 17 JF - Ophthalmology JO - Ophthalmology VL - 109 IS - 5 N2 - PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical use of a test battery of short wavelength automated perimetry (SWAP), frequency doubling technology perimetry (FDT), and pattern electroretinography (PERG) in predicting progressive glaucomatous visual field defects on standard automated perimetry (SAP). STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, longitudinal, observational case series. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and fifty-two patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) with bilateral glaucomatous visual field defects on SAP were followed at 6-month intervals over a period of 30 months. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Short wavelength automated perimetry, FDT, and PERG results were compared between POAG eyes with and without progressive field loss on SAP. These two groups were used to evaluate whether PERG, SWAP, and/or FDT is predictive of future progression of field loss on SAP. RESULTS: Using the criteria of progressive field loss on SAP defined by the Collaborative Normal Tension Glaucoma Study, 54 eyes (study group) of 54 POAG patients showed progressive defects, whereas 84 eyes (control group) of 84 POAG patients showed no progression. Only 11.1% (6 of 54) of the eyes with a progression of field loss on SAP showed no increase of deficits on the three functional tests before progression. Short wavelength automated perimetry detected early progressive defects on SAP in 43 of the 54 eyes (79.6%). Of these 54 POAG eyes, FDT showed progressive deficits in 40 eyes (74.1%), whereas PERG amplitude P1N2 showed progressive deficits in 35 eyes (64.8%) before progression of field loss on SAP. A test battery consisting of SWAP and PERG P1N2-amplitude was able to detect 88.9% of eyes before a prediction of field loss on SAP. When comparing the results of the two functional tests, SWAP and FDT in the 84 eyes without progression of field loss on SAP between baseline and at 30 months, SWAP and FDT showed progressive deficits in 34.5% and 35.7%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: All three tests (SWAP, FDT, and PERG) have been successful in detecting glaucoma eyes with a future progression of standard visual field defects. A test battery of SWAP and PERG P1N2-amplitude improved the power to predict these progressive defects on SAP. It remains to be seen whether the long-term follow-up in POAG eyes will improve the false-positive rate of SWAP and FDT. SN - 0161-6420 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11986111/Short_wavelength_automated_perimetry_frequency_doubling_technology_perimetry_and_pattern_electroretinography_for_prediction_of_progressive_glaucomatous_standard_visual_field_defects_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0161-6420(02)01015-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -