Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Chromosome polymorphism and C-banding variation of the brachypterous grasshopper Podisma sapporensis Shir. (Orthoptera, Acrididae) in Hokkaido, northern Japan.
Folia Biol (Krakow). 2001; 49(3-4):137-52.FB

Abstract

The grasshopper Podisma sapporensis consists of two main chromosome races in Hokkaido. The western group of populations of P. sapporensis, belonging to the XO race, has a diploid number of chromosomes 2n = 23 in the male and 2n = 24 in the female (sex determination XO male/XX female). The eastern group of populations of this species, belonging to the XY race, differs from the western one as a result of Robertsonian translocation between the originally acrocentric X chromosome and M5 autosome in homozygous state, having resulted in the forming of chromosome sex determination neo-XY male/neo-XX female (2n = 22). These races are geographically isolated by the mountainous system consisting of the Mts Daisetsu and Hidaka range, occupying the central part of the island. The hybrid zones between the races have not so far been discovered. Various levels of polymorphism for the pericentric inversions and C-banding variation exist in different chromosomes throughout populations in both chromosome races. In some solitary populations (the population at the summit of Mt Yotei, populations in the vicinity of Naganuma, Oketo, and Tanno) pericentric inversions are fixed in some pairs of chromosomes, which enables marking of the discrete karyomorphes. In the Mt Daisengen population all chromosomes are two-armed as a result of fixing the pericentric inversions. These facts contradict karyotypical conservatism of the tribe Podismini. The level of diversity of P. sapporensis karyotypes could provide a new perspective on the evolutionary process of different karyotype in Orthoptera. The considerable occurrence of polymorphism in chromosomes suggests that karyotypic diversification is undergoing in P. sapporensis. The authors also proposed that P. sapporensis would be divided into four chromosome subraces in the XO chromosome race and two chromosome subraces in the XY race, on the basis of karyotypic features. These races may have been established by fundamental climatic changes during the glacial epoch.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Novosibirsk State University, Institute for Systematics and Ecology of Animals, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia. bugrov@fen.nsu.ruNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11987449

Citation

Bugrov, A G., et al. "Chromosome Polymorphism and C-banding Variation of the Brachypterous Grasshopper Podisma Sapporensis Shir. (Orthoptera, Acrididae) in Hokkaido, Northern Japan." Folia Biologica, vol. 49, no. 3-4, 2001, pp. 137-52.
Bugrov AG, Warchałowska-Sliwa E, Tatsuta H, et al. Chromosome polymorphism and C-banding variation of the brachypterous grasshopper Podisma sapporensis Shir. (Orthoptera, Acrididae) in Hokkaido, northern Japan. Folia Biol (Krakow). 2001;49(3-4):137-52.
Bugrov, A. G., Warchałowska-Sliwa, E., Tatsuta, H., & Akimoto, S. (2001). Chromosome polymorphism and C-banding variation of the brachypterous grasshopper Podisma sapporensis Shir. (Orthoptera, Acrididae) in Hokkaido, northern Japan. Folia Biologica, 49(3-4), 137-52.
Bugrov AG, et al. Chromosome Polymorphism and C-banding Variation of the Brachypterous Grasshopper Podisma Sapporensis Shir. (Orthoptera, Acrididae) in Hokkaido, Northern Japan. Folia Biol (Krakow). 2001;49(3-4):137-52. PubMed PMID: 11987449.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Chromosome polymorphism and C-banding variation of the brachypterous grasshopper Podisma sapporensis Shir. (Orthoptera, Acrididae) in Hokkaido, northern Japan. AU - Bugrov,A G, AU - Warchałowska-Sliwa,E, AU - Tatsuta,H, AU - Akimoto,S, PY - 2002/5/4/pubmed PY - 2002/5/15/medline PY - 2002/5/4/entrez SP - 137 EP - 52 JF - Folia biologica JO - Folia Biol. (Krakow) VL - 49 IS - 3-4 N2 - The grasshopper Podisma sapporensis consists of two main chromosome races in Hokkaido. The western group of populations of P. sapporensis, belonging to the XO race, has a diploid number of chromosomes 2n = 23 in the male and 2n = 24 in the female (sex determination XO male/XX female). The eastern group of populations of this species, belonging to the XY race, differs from the western one as a result of Robertsonian translocation between the originally acrocentric X chromosome and M5 autosome in homozygous state, having resulted in the forming of chromosome sex determination neo-XY male/neo-XX female (2n = 22). These races are geographically isolated by the mountainous system consisting of the Mts Daisetsu and Hidaka range, occupying the central part of the island. The hybrid zones between the races have not so far been discovered. Various levels of polymorphism for the pericentric inversions and C-banding variation exist in different chromosomes throughout populations in both chromosome races. In some solitary populations (the population at the summit of Mt Yotei, populations in the vicinity of Naganuma, Oketo, and Tanno) pericentric inversions are fixed in some pairs of chromosomes, which enables marking of the discrete karyomorphes. In the Mt Daisengen population all chromosomes are two-armed as a result of fixing the pericentric inversions. These facts contradict karyotypical conservatism of the tribe Podismini. The level of diversity of P. sapporensis karyotypes could provide a new perspective on the evolutionary process of different karyotype in Orthoptera. The considerable occurrence of polymorphism in chromosomes suggests that karyotypic diversification is undergoing in P. sapporensis. The authors also proposed that P. sapporensis would be divided into four chromosome subraces in the XO chromosome race and two chromosome subraces in the XY race, on the basis of karyotypic features. These races may have been established by fundamental climatic changes during the glacial epoch. SN - 0015-5497 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11987449/Chromosome_polymorphism_and_C_banding_variation_of_the_brachypterous_grasshopper_Podisma_sapporensis_Shir___Orthoptera_Acrididae__in_Hokkaido_northern_Japan_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -