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The changing position of women in the medical marketplace: women's health morphs into gender-specific medicine.
Int J Fertil Womens Med. 2002 Mar-Apr; 47(2):55-60.IJ

Abstract

Traditionally, society--including the academic medical community--has concentrated on the male patient. Women were protected from clinical investigation on human subjects. However, World War II brought about far-reaching changes. The experience of Americans during the prolonged struggle gave them an enduring confidence in the power of science to prolong and improve human life that culminated in the expansion of the National Institutes of Health under the leadership of James A. Shannon. The other profound change in American society was in the attitude of women, who, as a result of their enormously increased options during the war to hold jobs and enter professions that had previously been the exclusive province of men, united in the feminist movement. By the end of the 1980s, the voices of women themselves galvanized the United States government to effect a series of maneuvers that have revolutionized our concept of the importance of biological sex in human biology. This paper reviews the changes in American medical research, and the delivery of medical care, to men and women over the past century, which laid the foundation for an in-depth exploration of the impact of gender on normal human function and the way human beings experience disease.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Historical Article
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11991431

Citation

Legato, Marianne J.. "The Changing Position of Women in the Medical Marketplace: Women's Health Morphs Into Gender-specific Medicine." International Journal of Fertility and Women's Medicine, vol. 47, no. 2, 2002, pp. 55-60.
Legato MJ. The changing position of women in the medical marketplace: women's health morphs into gender-specific medicine. Int J Fertil Womens Med. 2002;47(2):55-60.
Legato, M. J. (2002). The changing position of women in the medical marketplace: women's health morphs into gender-specific medicine. International Journal of Fertility and Women's Medicine, 47(2), 55-60.
Legato MJ. The Changing Position of Women in the Medical Marketplace: Women's Health Morphs Into Gender-specific Medicine. Int J Fertil Womens Med. 2002 Mar-Apr;47(2):55-60. PubMed PMID: 11991431.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The changing position of women in the medical marketplace: women's health morphs into gender-specific medicine. A1 - Legato,Marianne J, PY - 2002/5/7/pubmed PY - 2002/11/26/medline PY - 2002/5/7/entrez SP - 55 EP - 60 JF - International journal of fertility and women's medicine JO - Int J Fertil Womens Med VL - 47 IS - 2 N2 - Traditionally, society--including the academic medical community--has concentrated on the male patient. Women were protected from clinical investigation on human subjects. However, World War II brought about far-reaching changes. The experience of Americans during the prolonged struggle gave them an enduring confidence in the power of science to prolong and improve human life that culminated in the expansion of the National Institutes of Health under the leadership of James A. Shannon. The other profound change in American society was in the attitude of women, who, as a result of their enormously increased options during the war to hold jobs and enter professions that had previously been the exclusive province of men, united in the feminist movement. By the end of the 1980s, the voices of women themselves galvanized the United States government to effect a series of maneuvers that have revolutionized our concept of the importance of biological sex in human biology. This paper reviews the changes in American medical research, and the delivery of medical care, to men and women over the past century, which laid the foundation for an in-depth exploration of the impact of gender on normal human function and the way human beings experience disease. SN - 1534-892X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11991431/The_changing_position_of_women_in_the_medical_marketplace:_women's_health_morphs_into_gender_specific_medicine_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/womenshealth.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -