Influence of water soluble fillers in hydroxypropylmethylcellulose matrices on in vitro and in vivo drug release.J Control Release. 2002 May 17; 81(1-2):165-72.JC
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of fillers in gel-forming matrix on in vivo drug release after oral dosing. A further purpose was to predict the in vivo performance from in vitro dissolution test. Three controlled-release acetaminophen tablets containing hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC) with or without highly water soluble fillers, lactose or polyethylene glycol 6000 (PEG6000), were prepared. Water penetration into the matrix was enhanced by addition of fillers in the matrices, but the three tablets showed similar in vitro dissolution profiles, indicating that fillers in the HPMC matrices little affected the in vitro drug release. In contrast, the fillers in HPMC matrices did affect the in vivo performance in dogs. The absorption profile of HPMC matrix with PEG6000 was the fastest, followed by that with lactose and without water soluble filler, in that order. As the matrix with PEG6000 had a large amount of water and gelated a large portion of the matrix when in contact with water, the gel layer would be disintegrated by the gastrointestinal motility. It was found that dissolution of gel-forming HPMC matrices under mechanical stress by glass beads well correlated with the in vivo performance of the matrix, with little correlation by the conventional paddle method.