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Vitamins--dietary intake and intake from dietary supplements in Germany.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002 Jun; 56(6):539-45.EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To analyse the current vitamin intake and the contribution of dietary supplements to this intake of 4030 participants of the German Nutrition Survey (GeNuS) 1998, which was part of the representative German National Health Interview and Examination Survey (GNHIES), conducted from October 1997 until March 1999.

DESIGN

In the GeNuS participants were interviewed comprehensively about their usual diet and supplementation patterns using a modified dietary history.

SETTING

Population-based nutritional survey.

SUBJECTS

A subsample of 4030 persons, aged 18-79 y, randomly selected from the GNHIES 1998.

RESULTS

The contribution of dietary supplements to the vitamin intake reached 5% for vitamin E among men and 6% for vitamin C among women. Among the group of regular users, the contribution to the vitamin E intake is 36% among men and 43% among women. A substantial part of the population does not reach the current recommendations for some vitamins, especially for folate and vitamin E through their diet alone. Among regular supplement users, about one-third for folate and about half for the other vitamins reach the recommended intake only when supplemental intake is considered. Among the regular users of folate supplements, this proportion is about half.

CONCLUSION

If reference values are used as preference intake, a substantial population part improves their vitamin intake by taking supplements regularly. Nevertheless, there are persons who stay below the reference values including supplemental intake or already consume more than 100% of recommendation excluding supplemental intake.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany. BeitzR@rki.deNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12032654

Citation

Beitz, R, et al. "Vitamins--dietary Intake and Intake From Dietary Supplements in Germany." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 56, no. 6, 2002, pp. 539-45.
Beitz R, Mensink GB, Fischer B, et al. Vitamins--dietary intake and intake from dietary supplements in Germany. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002;56(6):539-45.
Beitz, R., Mensink, G. B., Fischer, B., & Thamm, M. (2002). Vitamins--dietary intake and intake from dietary supplements in Germany. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 56(6), 539-45.
Beitz R, et al. Vitamins--dietary Intake and Intake From Dietary Supplements in Germany. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002;56(6):539-45. PubMed PMID: 12032654.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Vitamins--dietary intake and intake from dietary supplements in Germany. AU - Beitz,R, AU - Mensink,G B M, AU - Fischer,B, AU - Thamm,M, PY - 2001/04/12/received PY - 2001/09/28/revised PY - 2001/10/02/accepted PY - 2002/5/29/pubmed PY - 2002/9/18/medline PY - 2002/5/29/entrez SP - 539 EP - 45 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 56 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To analyse the current vitamin intake and the contribution of dietary supplements to this intake of 4030 participants of the German Nutrition Survey (GeNuS) 1998, which was part of the representative German National Health Interview and Examination Survey (GNHIES), conducted from October 1997 until March 1999. DESIGN: In the GeNuS participants were interviewed comprehensively about their usual diet and supplementation patterns using a modified dietary history. SETTING: Population-based nutritional survey. SUBJECTS: A subsample of 4030 persons, aged 18-79 y, randomly selected from the GNHIES 1998. RESULTS: The contribution of dietary supplements to the vitamin intake reached 5% for vitamin E among men and 6% for vitamin C among women. Among the group of regular users, the contribution to the vitamin E intake is 36% among men and 43% among women. A substantial part of the population does not reach the current recommendations for some vitamins, especially for folate and vitamin E through their diet alone. Among regular supplement users, about one-third for folate and about half for the other vitamins reach the recommended intake only when supplemental intake is considered. Among the regular users of folate supplements, this proportion is about half. CONCLUSION: If reference values are used as preference intake, a substantial population part improves their vitamin intake by taking supplements regularly. Nevertheless, there are persons who stay below the reference values including supplemental intake or already consume more than 100% of recommendation excluding supplemental intake. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12032654/Vitamins__dietary_intake_and_intake_from_dietary_supplements_in_Germany_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601346 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -