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Late-life engagement in social and leisure activities is associated with a decreased risk of dementia: a longitudinal study from the Kungsholmen project.
Am J Epidemiol 2002; 155(12):1081-7AJ

Abstract

Recent findings suggest that a rich social network may decrease the risk of developing dementia. The authors hypothesized that such a protective effect may be due to social interaction and intellectual stimulation. To test this hypothesis, data from the 1987-1996 Kungsholmen Project, a longitudinal population-based study carried out in a central area of Stockholm, Sweden, were used to examine whether engagement in different activities 6.4 years before dementia diagnosis was related to a decreased incidence of dementia. Dementia cases were diagnosed by specialists according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition, Revised, criteria. After adjustment for age, sex, education, cognitive functioning, comorbidity, depressive symptoms, and physical functioning at the first examination, frequent (daily-weekly) engagement in mental, social, or productive activities was inversely related to dementia incidence. Adjusted relative risks for mental, social, and productive activities were 0.54 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.34, 0.87), 0.58 (95% CI: 0.37, 0.91), and 0.58 (95% CI: 0.38, 0.91), respectively. Similar results were found when these three factors were analyzed together in the same model. Results suggest that stimulating activity, either mentally or socially oriented, may protect against dementia, indicating that both social interaction and intellectual stimulation may be relevant to preserving mental functioning in the elderly.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Aging Research Center, Division of Geriatric Epidemiology and Medicine, NEUROTEC, Karolinska Institutet, and Stockholm Gerontology Research Center, Stockholm, Sweden. huixin.wang@phs.ki.seNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12048221

Citation

Wang, Hui-Xin, et al. "Late-life Engagement in Social and Leisure Activities Is Associated With a Decreased Risk of Dementia: a Longitudinal Study From the Kungsholmen Project." American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 155, no. 12, 2002, pp. 1081-7.
Wang HX, Karp A, Winblad B, et al. Late-life engagement in social and leisure activities is associated with a decreased risk of dementia: a longitudinal study from the Kungsholmen project. Am J Epidemiol. 2002;155(12):1081-7.
Wang, H. X., Karp, A., Winblad, B., & Fratiglioni, L. (2002). Late-life engagement in social and leisure activities is associated with a decreased risk of dementia: a longitudinal study from the Kungsholmen project. American Journal of Epidemiology, 155(12), pp. 1081-7.
Wang HX, et al. Late-life Engagement in Social and Leisure Activities Is Associated With a Decreased Risk of Dementia: a Longitudinal Study From the Kungsholmen Project. Am J Epidemiol. 2002 Jun 15;155(12):1081-7. PubMed PMID: 12048221.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Late-life engagement in social and leisure activities is associated with a decreased risk of dementia: a longitudinal study from the Kungsholmen project. AU - Wang,Hui-Xin, AU - Karp,Anita, AU - Winblad,Bengt, AU - Fratiglioni,Laura, PY - 2002/6/6/pubmed PY - 2002/7/12/medline PY - 2002/6/6/entrez SP - 1081 EP - 7 JF - American journal of epidemiology JO - Am. J. Epidemiol. VL - 155 IS - 12 N2 - Recent findings suggest that a rich social network may decrease the risk of developing dementia. The authors hypothesized that such a protective effect may be due to social interaction and intellectual stimulation. To test this hypothesis, data from the 1987-1996 Kungsholmen Project, a longitudinal population-based study carried out in a central area of Stockholm, Sweden, were used to examine whether engagement in different activities 6.4 years before dementia diagnosis was related to a decreased incidence of dementia. Dementia cases were diagnosed by specialists according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition, Revised, criteria. After adjustment for age, sex, education, cognitive functioning, comorbidity, depressive symptoms, and physical functioning at the first examination, frequent (daily-weekly) engagement in mental, social, or productive activities was inversely related to dementia incidence. Adjusted relative risks for mental, social, and productive activities were 0.54 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.34, 0.87), 0.58 (95% CI: 0.37, 0.91), and 0.58 (95% CI: 0.38, 0.91), respectively. Similar results were found when these three factors were analyzed together in the same model. Results suggest that stimulating activity, either mentally or socially oriented, may protect against dementia, indicating that both social interaction and intellectual stimulation may be relevant to preserving mental functioning in the elderly. SN - 0002-9262 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12048221/Late_life_engagement_in_social_and_leisure_activities_is_associated_with_a_decreased_risk_of_dementia:_a_longitudinal_study_from_the_Kungsholmen_project_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/aje/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/aje/155.12.1081 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -