Diurnal rhythm of H+-peptide cotransporter in rat small intestine.Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2002; 283(1):G57-64AJ
In mammals, most physiological, biochemical, and behavioral processes show a circadian rhythm. In the present study, we examined the diurnal rhythm of the H+-peptide cotransporter (PEPT1), which transports small peptides and peptide-like drugs in the small intestine and kidney, using rats maintained in a 12-h photoperiod with free access to chow. The transport of [14C]glycylsarcosine (Gly-Sar), a typical substrate for PEPT1 by in situ intestinal loop and everted intestine, was greater in the dark phase than the light phase. PEPT1 protein and mRNA levels varied significantly, with a maximum at 2000 and minimum at 800. Similar functional and expressional diurnal variations were observed in the intestinal Na+-glucose cotransporter (SGLT1). In contrast, renal PEPT1 and SGLT1 showed little diurnal rhythmicity in protein and mRNA expression. These findings indicate that the intestinal PEPT1 undergoes diurnal regulation in its activity and expression, and this could affect the intestinal absorption of dietary protein.