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Sequential treatment with basic fibroblast growth factor and PTH is more efficacious than treatment with PTH alone for increasing vertebral bone mass and strength in osteopenic ovariectomized rats.
Endocrinology. 2002 Jul; 143(7):2515-26.E

Abstract

The study was designed 1) to determine whether treatment with basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and PTH is more efficacious than treatment with PTH alone for increasing bone mass and strength and improving trabecular microarchitecture in osteopenic ovariectomized rats, and 2) to assess whether prior and concurrent administration of the antiresorptive agents estrogen and risedronate suppresses the bone anabolic response to treatment with bFGF alone and sequential treatment with bFGF and PTH. Three-month-old female Sprague Dawley rats were ovariectomized (OVX) or sham-operated (sham) and maintained untreated for 1 yr. Baseline sham and OVX rats were killed at this time (15 months of age). Groups of rats were injected sc with estrogen (10 microg/kg, 4 d/wk), risedronate (5 microg/kg, 2 d/wk), or vehicle. At the end of the second week of antiresorptive treatment, catheters were inserted into the jugular veins of all rats, and vehicle or bFGF at a dose of 250 microg/kg was injected daily for 14 d. Three groups of rats were killed at the end of bFGF treatment. The remaining rats were continued on their respective antiresorptive therapy and injected sc with vehicle or synthetic human PTH-(1-34) at a dose of 80 microg/kg, 5 d/wk, for 8 wk. Lumbar vertebrae were processed for cancellous bone histomorphometry and biomechanical testing. Ovariectomy resulted in a decrease in vertebral bone mass and strength. Treatment of OVX rats for 14 d with bFGF markedly increased osteoblast surface, osteoid surface, and osteoid volume compared with vehicle treatment of sham and OVX rats. Furthermore, osteoid bridges were observed extending between preexisting trabeculae in bFGF-treated OVX rats. Prior and concurrent administration of estrogen and risedronate did not suppress these bone anabolic effects of bFGF. Treatment of OVX rats with PTH alone increased vertebral cancellous bone mass and strength to the level of vehicle-treated sham rats. Sequential treatment of OVX rats with bFGF and PTH further augmented vertebral bone mass and strength to a level above that observed in OVX rats treated with PTH alone. The improvements in bone mass and strength were associated with an increase in trabecular thickness in OVX rats treated with PTH alone and with an increase in trabecular thickness and node to terminus ratio, an index of trabecular connectivity, in OVX rats treated sequentially with bFGF and PTH. Cotreatment with estrogen and risedronate did not suppress the anabolic response of bone to bFGF and PTH. In fact, a trend for an even greater increase in cancellous bone mass and node to terminus ratio was observed in OVX rats treated with risedronate, bFGF, and PTH. These findings indicate that sequential treatment with bFGF and PTH is more efficacious than treatment with PTH alone for increasing bone mass and strength and improving trabecular microarchitecture in osteopenic OVX rats.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Physiological Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville 32610-0144, USA. iwaniecu@mail.vetmed.ufl.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12072383

Citation

Iwaniec, U T., et al. "Sequential Treatment With Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor and PTH Is More Efficacious Than Treatment With PTH Alone for Increasing Vertebral Bone Mass and Strength in Osteopenic Ovariectomized Rats." Endocrinology, vol. 143, no. 7, 2002, pp. 2515-26.
Iwaniec UT, Mosekilde L, Mitova-Caneva NG, et al. Sequential treatment with basic fibroblast growth factor and PTH is more efficacious than treatment with PTH alone for increasing vertebral bone mass and strength in osteopenic ovariectomized rats. Endocrinology. 2002;143(7):2515-26.
Iwaniec, U. T., Mosekilde, L., Mitova-Caneva, N. G., Thomsen, J. S., & Wronski, T. J. (2002). Sequential treatment with basic fibroblast growth factor and PTH is more efficacious than treatment with PTH alone for increasing vertebral bone mass and strength in osteopenic ovariectomized rats. Endocrinology, 143(7), 2515-26.
Iwaniec UT, et al. Sequential Treatment With Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor and PTH Is More Efficacious Than Treatment With PTH Alone for Increasing Vertebral Bone Mass and Strength in Osteopenic Ovariectomized Rats. Endocrinology. 2002;143(7):2515-26. PubMed PMID: 12072383.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Sequential treatment with basic fibroblast growth factor and PTH is more efficacious than treatment with PTH alone for increasing vertebral bone mass and strength in osteopenic ovariectomized rats. AU - Iwaniec,U T, AU - Mosekilde,Li, AU - Mitova-Caneva,N G, AU - Thomsen,J S, AU - Wronski,T J, PY - 2002/6/20/pubmed PY - 2002/7/26/medline PY - 2002/6/20/entrez SP - 2515 EP - 26 JF - Endocrinology JO - Endocrinology VL - 143 IS - 7 N2 - The study was designed 1) to determine whether treatment with basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and PTH is more efficacious than treatment with PTH alone for increasing bone mass and strength and improving trabecular microarchitecture in osteopenic ovariectomized rats, and 2) to assess whether prior and concurrent administration of the antiresorptive agents estrogen and risedronate suppresses the bone anabolic response to treatment with bFGF alone and sequential treatment with bFGF and PTH. Three-month-old female Sprague Dawley rats were ovariectomized (OVX) or sham-operated (sham) and maintained untreated for 1 yr. Baseline sham and OVX rats were killed at this time (15 months of age). Groups of rats were injected sc with estrogen (10 microg/kg, 4 d/wk), risedronate (5 microg/kg, 2 d/wk), or vehicle. At the end of the second week of antiresorptive treatment, catheters were inserted into the jugular veins of all rats, and vehicle or bFGF at a dose of 250 microg/kg was injected daily for 14 d. Three groups of rats were killed at the end of bFGF treatment. The remaining rats were continued on their respective antiresorptive therapy and injected sc with vehicle or synthetic human PTH-(1-34) at a dose of 80 microg/kg, 5 d/wk, for 8 wk. Lumbar vertebrae were processed for cancellous bone histomorphometry and biomechanical testing. Ovariectomy resulted in a decrease in vertebral bone mass and strength. Treatment of OVX rats for 14 d with bFGF markedly increased osteoblast surface, osteoid surface, and osteoid volume compared with vehicle treatment of sham and OVX rats. Furthermore, osteoid bridges were observed extending between preexisting trabeculae in bFGF-treated OVX rats. Prior and concurrent administration of estrogen and risedronate did not suppress these bone anabolic effects of bFGF. Treatment of OVX rats with PTH alone increased vertebral cancellous bone mass and strength to the level of vehicle-treated sham rats. Sequential treatment of OVX rats with bFGF and PTH further augmented vertebral bone mass and strength to a level above that observed in OVX rats treated with PTH alone. The improvements in bone mass and strength were associated with an increase in trabecular thickness in OVX rats treated with PTH alone and with an increase in trabecular thickness and node to terminus ratio, an index of trabecular connectivity, in OVX rats treated sequentially with bFGF and PTH. Cotreatment with estrogen and risedronate did not suppress the anabolic response of bone to bFGF and PTH. In fact, a trend for an even greater increase in cancellous bone mass and node to terminus ratio was observed in OVX rats treated with risedronate, bFGF, and PTH. These findings indicate that sequential treatment with bFGF and PTH is more efficacious than treatment with PTH alone for increasing bone mass and strength and improving trabecular microarchitecture in osteopenic OVX rats. SN - 0013-7227 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12072383/Sequential_treatment_with_basic_fibroblast_growth_factor_and_PTH_is_more_efficacious_than_treatment_with_PTH_alone_for_increasing_vertebral_bone_mass_and_strength_in_osteopenic_ovariectomized_rats_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/endo/article-lookup/doi/10.1210/endo.143.7.8884 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -