PAI-1 promotes extracellular matrix deposition in the airways of a murine asthma model.Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2002 Jun 28; 294(5):1155-60.BB
Dysregulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and ineffective fibrinolysis are associated with the deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM). We hypothesized that elevated plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 promotes ECM deposition in the asthmatic airway by inhibiting MMP-9 activity and fibrinolysis. Degree of airway inflammation was similar in PAI-1(-/-) and wild type (WT) mice after ovalbumin (OVA) challenge. PAI-1 production, deposition of collagen and fibrin, and MMP-9 activity in the lung tissue or airways were greater after OVA challenge compared with saline challenge. However, in PAI-1(-/-) mice, collagen deposition was 2-fold less, fibrin deposition was 4-fold less, and MMP-9 activity was 3-fold higher. This is the first direct evidence that the plasmin system regulates ECM deposition in the airways of a murine asthma model, independently of the effect of PAI-1 on inflammatory cells. The results suggest that the PAI-1-dependent inhibition of MMP-9 activity and fibrinolysis is a major mechanism by which ECM deposition occurs.