Selenium influences the turnover of selenocysteine tRNA([Ser]Sec) in Chinese hamster ovary cells.J Nutr. 2002 Jul; 132(7):1830-5.JN
Selenocysteine transfer RNA (tRNA([Ser]Sec)) is a central molecule in the production of selenium-containing proteins, and may play a role in the regulation of their biosynthesis. Selenium concentration influences both the levels of tRNA([Ser]Sec) and the relative abundance of two isoforms. To study the mechanism by which selenium affects tRNA([Ser]Sec) levels, Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells were treated with the transcription inhibitor, actinomycin D, and tRNA([Ser]Sec) levels were determined by Northern blotting, primer extension and reverse-phase column chromatography. Turnover of tRNA([Ser]Sec) in CHO cells was faster than the total tRNA population. Supplementation of the culture media with selenium reduced turnover of tRNA([Ser]Sec), but did not influence turnover of a randomly selected serine tRNA. Inhibition of transcription with actinomycin D resulted in a relative increase in the abundance of the isoform containing methylcarboxymethyl-5'-uridine-2'-O-methylribose in the wobble position of the anticodon. Primer extension studies, which permitted the independent evaluation of the tRNA([Ser]Sec) arising from the introduced mouse gene and that derived from the host CHO gene, indicated an accelerated decline in tRNA([Ser]Sec) derived from both the transfected and the native gene. These results provide additional insight into the levels of regulation that control the translation of selenium containing proteins in mammalian cells.