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Spatial distibution and temporal accumulation of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans, and biphenyls in the Gulf of Finland.
Environ Sci Technol. 2002 Jun 15; 36(12):2560-5.ES

Abstract

Dated sediment cores and surface sediments were analyzed from the Gulf of Finland, a part of the Baltic Sea, to study the sources, levels, distribution, and total amounts of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). The gulf was found to be severely polluted, with PCDD/F sum concentrations as high as 101000 ng/kg and 479 ng/kg WHO-TEQ in dry weight. The source of pollution was the former manufacturing and use of a chlorophenol based wood preservative along the Kymijoki River. It was estimated thatthe impacted sedimentary area stretched a distance of 75 km away out from the coast and that the PCDD/F sum load attributed to the wood preservative source was 1770 kg of PCDD/Fs or 12.4 (+/-2.8) kg WHO-TEQ. The surface sediments contained 24-66% of the maximum concentrations present in the 1960-1970s, showing that the river still acts as a significant PCDD/F source and may contribute to the high levels in fish. Moreover, the reduced PCDD/F and PCB concentrations were partly due to the dilution by increased dry matter deposition. PCBs were uniformly distributed over the gulf, and the PCB load in the polluted area was 2020 kg or 0.14 kg WHO-TEG.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Environmental Health, National Public Health Institute, Kuopio, Finland. pirjo.isosaari@ktl.fiNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12099450

Citation

Isosaari, Pirjo, et al. "Spatial Distibution and Temporal Accumulation of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins, Dibenzofurans, and Biphenyls in the Gulf of Finland." Environmental Science & Technology, vol. 36, no. 12, 2002, pp. 2560-5.
Isosaari P, Kankaanpää H, Mattila J, et al. Spatial distibution and temporal accumulation of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans, and biphenyls in the Gulf of Finland. Environ Sci Technol. 2002;36(12):2560-5.
Isosaari, P., Kankaanpää, H., Mattila, J., Kiviranta, H., Verta, M., Salo, S., & Vartiainen, T. (2002). Spatial distibution and temporal accumulation of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans, and biphenyls in the Gulf of Finland. Environmental Science & Technology, 36(12), 2560-5.
Isosaari P, et al. Spatial Distibution and Temporal Accumulation of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins, Dibenzofurans, and Biphenyls in the Gulf of Finland. Environ Sci Technol. 2002 Jun 15;36(12):2560-5. PubMed PMID: 12099450.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Spatial distibution and temporal accumulation of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans, and biphenyls in the Gulf of Finland. AU - Isosaari,Pirjo, AU - Kankaanpää,Harri, AU - Mattila,Jukka, AU - Kiviranta,Hannu, AU - Verta,Matti, AU - Salo,Simo, AU - Vartiainen,Terttu, PY - 2002/7/9/pubmed PY - 2002/12/18/medline PY - 2002/7/9/entrez SP - 2560 EP - 5 JF - Environmental science & technology JO - Environ. Sci. Technol. VL - 36 IS - 12 N2 - Dated sediment cores and surface sediments were analyzed from the Gulf of Finland, a part of the Baltic Sea, to study the sources, levels, distribution, and total amounts of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). The gulf was found to be severely polluted, with PCDD/F sum concentrations as high as 101000 ng/kg and 479 ng/kg WHO-TEQ in dry weight. The source of pollution was the former manufacturing and use of a chlorophenol based wood preservative along the Kymijoki River. It was estimated thatthe impacted sedimentary area stretched a distance of 75 km away out from the coast and that the PCDD/F sum load attributed to the wood preservative source was 1770 kg of PCDD/Fs or 12.4 (+/-2.8) kg WHO-TEQ. The surface sediments contained 24-66% of the maximum concentrations present in the 1960-1970s, showing that the river still acts as a significant PCDD/F source and may contribute to the high levels in fish. Moreover, the reduced PCDD/F and PCB concentrations were partly due to the dilution by increased dry matter deposition. PCBs were uniformly distributed over the gulf, and the PCB load in the polluted area was 2020 kg or 0.14 kg WHO-TEG. SN - 0013-936X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12099450/Spatial_distibution_and_temporal_accumulation_of_polychlorinated_dibenzo_p_dioxins_dibenzofurans_and_biphenyls_in_the_Gulf_of_Finland_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es0158206 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -