Indirect allorecognition of mismatched donor HLA class II peptides in lung transplant recipients with bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome.Am J Transplant. 2001 Sep; 1(3):228-35.AJ
A correlation between indirect allorecognition of mismatched donor HLA class I peptides and development of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) after lung transplantation has been previously observed. The aim of this study was to determine whether there was a correlation between indirect allorecognition of mismatched donor HLA class II peptides and development of BOS after lung transplantation. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from nine BOS+ and nine BOS-lung transplant recipients were cultured with synthetic peptides corresponding to the beta-chain hypervariable region of a mismatched donor HLA-DR molecule. Then, proliferative alloreactivity as well as frequency of alloreactive T cells were determined. In addition, the immunodominant epitopes from the donor HLA-DR molecules were identified in selected patients. T cells from BOS+ patients showed a dose-dependent proliferative alloreactivity against donor HLA-DR peptides that was significantly higher than that observed in BOS- patients (p=0.001). Similarly, the frequency of HLA-DR alloreactive T cells was significantly higher in BOS+ patients than in BOS- patients (p=0.001). This T-cell alloreactivity was directed against a single immunodominant HLA-DR peptide. These results suggest that indirect alloreactivity to donor HLA class II molecules may play a role in the pathogenesis of BOS after lung transplantation.