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A cephalometric inter-centre comparison of growth in children with cleft lip and palate.
J Orthod. 2002 Jun; 29(2):113-7.JO

Abstract

AIM

To examine whether the treatment provided by the Mount Vernon Cleft Team produces craniofacial growth outcomes comparable with that of the Oslo Team.

LOCATION

Mount Vernon Hospital, Middlesex, UK.

DESIGN

A retrospective cephalometric investigation.

SUBJECTS

Seventy-five Mount Vernon children and 150 Oslo children with complete unilateral or bilateral clefts of the lip and palate

METHOD

The subjects were matched for age, gender, and cleft type, and their radiographs were digitized. The radiographs from each site were grouped according to patient age (9-11 or 14-16) and cleft classification (bilateral/unilateral). Patients with associated craniofacial anomalies were excluded from the study.

RESULTS

Of the four variables studied (SNA, SNPg, NGn, sNANsPG) significant differences in maxillary growth were noted for bilateral and unilateral cleft groups at 14-16 years of age. The soft tissue profile was significantly flatter in bilateral and unilateral Mount Vernon cases at 14-16 years. The craniofacial growth exhibited by the Mount Vernon patients demonstrated 3.9-5.1 degrees reduction in maxillary prominence with respect to the Oslo sample. The bilateral cases from Mount Vernon had greater anterior face heights at 14-16 years.

CONCLUSION

The treatment provided by the Mount Vernon Cleft team leads to a reduced maxillary prominence in children aged 14-16 years compared with the Oslo sample. This reduction is statistically significant in unilateral cleft lip and palate.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Eastman Dental Institute for Oral Health Care Sciences, University College London, London, UK. mjgaukroger@hotmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12114460

Citation

Gaukroger, Maren J., et al. "A Cephalometric Inter-centre Comparison of Growth in Children With Cleft Lip and Palate." Journal of Orthodontics, vol. 29, no. 2, 2002, pp. 113-7.
Gaukroger MJ, Noar JH, Sanders R, et al. A cephalometric inter-centre comparison of growth in children with cleft lip and palate. J Orthod. 2002;29(2):113-7.
Gaukroger, M. J., Noar, J. H., Sanders, R., & Semb, G. (2002). A cephalometric inter-centre comparison of growth in children with cleft lip and palate. Journal of Orthodontics, 29(2), 113-7.
Gaukroger MJ, et al. A Cephalometric Inter-centre Comparison of Growth in Children With Cleft Lip and Palate. J Orthod. 2002;29(2):113-7. PubMed PMID: 12114460.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A cephalometric inter-centre comparison of growth in children with cleft lip and palate. AU - Gaukroger,Maren J, AU - Noar,J H, AU - Sanders,R, AU - Semb,G, PY - 2002/7/13/pubmed PY - 2002/10/18/medline PY - 2002/7/13/entrez SP - 113 EP - 7 JF - Journal of orthodontics JO - J Orthod VL - 29 IS - 2 N2 - AIM: To examine whether the treatment provided by the Mount Vernon Cleft Team produces craniofacial growth outcomes comparable with that of the Oslo Team. LOCATION: Mount Vernon Hospital, Middlesex, UK. DESIGN: A retrospective cephalometric investigation. SUBJECTS: Seventy-five Mount Vernon children and 150 Oslo children with complete unilateral or bilateral clefts of the lip and palate METHOD: The subjects were matched for age, gender, and cleft type, and their radiographs were digitized. The radiographs from each site were grouped according to patient age (9-11 or 14-16) and cleft classification (bilateral/unilateral). Patients with associated craniofacial anomalies were excluded from the study. RESULTS: Of the four variables studied (SNA, SNPg, NGn, sNANsPG) significant differences in maxillary growth were noted for bilateral and unilateral cleft groups at 14-16 years of age. The soft tissue profile was significantly flatter in bilateral and unilateral Mount Vernon cases at 14-16 years. The craniofacial growth exhibited by the Mount Vernon patients demonstrated 3.9-5.1 degrees reduction in maxillary prominence with respect to the Oslo sample. The bilateral cases from Mount Vernon had greater anterior face heights at 14-16 years. CONCLUSION: The treatment provided by the Mount Vernon Cleft team leads to a reduced maxillary prominence in children aged 14-16 years compared with the Oslo sample. This reduction is statistically significant in unilateral cleft lip and palate. SN - 1465-3125 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12114460/A_cephalometric_inter_centre_comparison_of_growth_in_children_with_cleft_lip_and_palate_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1093/ortho/29.2.113?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -