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Development and evaluation of a 'real-time' RT-PCR for the detection of enterovirus and parechovirus RNA in CSF and throat swab samples.
J Med Virol. 2002 Aug; 67(4):555-62.JM

Abstract

A two-step reverse transcriptase TaqMantrade mark duplex PCR (RT-PCR) assay was developed using the ABI 7700 Sequence Detection System for the detection of enterovirus (EV) and parechovirus type 1 and 2 (PEV) RNA from samples of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and throat swabs. Using sequence-specific fluorescent dye labeled probes and continuous 'real-time' monitoring, PCR amplified product accumulation was measured. Based on limiting dilutions, the TaqMantrade mark enterovirus and parechovirus RT-PCR showed an increase of two orders of magnitude compared to cell culture with sensitivity of 100% (7/7) when assessed using enterovirus cell culture positive samples (CSF, TS). The assays were specific for enterovirus and parechovirus and did not amplify a wide selection of virus and bacterial isolates. RNA was amplified from 22 enterovirus serotypes: coxsackie A7, A9, A21; coxsackie B2, B3, B4, B5; echovirus 2, 4, 6, 7, 9, 11, 13, 17, 18, 19, 30, 31; poliovirus types 1, 2, and 3, and parechovirus types 1 and 2. The assay was used to assess the incidence of enterovirus and parechovirus RNA in cell culture negative CSF and throat swab samples (n = 200). An additional 33 (15.9%) enterovirus and 2 (1%) parechovirus were identified as positive by RT-PCR. Also, of 100 CSF samples from suspected cases of meningococcal meningitis submitted for meningococcal PCR testing, 59 (59%) were enterovirus and 2 (2%) parechovirus 1 and 2 were positive by RT-PCR. The TaqMantrade mark duplex assay offers a more rapid and sensitive alternative to conventional cell culture for the diagnosis of enterovirus and parechovirus infection. Closed tube real-time detection using the ABI Sequence Detection System obviates the need for post-PCR manipulation, which reduces hands on time and eliminates the risk of contamination from amplified PCR product.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Meningococcal Reference Unit, Manchester Public Health Laboratory, Withington Hospital, United Kingdom.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12116004

Citation

Corless, Caroline E., et al. "Development and Evaluation of a 'real-time' RT-PCR for the Detection of Enterovirus and Parechovirus RNA in CSF and Throat Swab Samples." Journal of Medical Virology, vol. 67, no. 4, 2002, pp. 555-62.
Corless CE, Guiver M, Borrow R, et al. Development and evaluation of a 'real-time' RT-PCR for the detection of enterovirus and parechovirus RNA in CSF and throat swab samples. J Med Virol. 2002;67(4):555-62.
Corless, C. E., Guiver, M., Borrow, R., Edwards-Jones, V., Fox, A. J., Kaczmarski, E. B., & Mutton, K. J. (2002). Development and evaluation of a 'real-time' RT-PCR for the detection of enterovirus and parechovirus RNA in CSF and throat swab samples. Journal of Medical Virology, 67(4), 555-62.
Corless CE, et al. Development and Evaluation of a 'real-time' RT-PCR for the Detection of Enterovirus and Parechovirus RNA in CSF and Throat Swab Samples. J Med Virol. 2002;67(4):555-62. PubMed PMID: 12116004.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Development and evaluation of a 'real-time' RT-PCR for the detection of enterovirus and parechovirus RNA in CSF and throat swab samples. AU - Corless,Caroline E, AU - Guiver,Malcolm, AU - Borrow,Raymond, AU - Edwards-Jones,Valerie, AU - Fox,Andrew J, AU - Kaczmarski,Edward B, AU - Mutton,Kenneth J, PY - 2002/7/13/pubmed PY - 2002/8/29/medline PY - 2002/7/13/entrez SP - 555 EP - 62 JF - Journal of medical virology JO - J Med Virol VL - 67 IS - 4 N2 - A two-step reverse transcriptase TaqMantrade mark duplex PCR (RT-PCR) assay was developed using the ABI 7700 Sequence Detection System for the detection of enterovirus (EV) and parechovirus type 1 and 2 (PEV) RNA from samples of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and throat swabs. Using sequence-specific fluorescent dye labeled probes and continuous 'real-time' monitoring, PCR amplified product accumulation was measured. Based on limiting dilutions, the TaqMantrade mark enterovirus and parechovirus RT-PCR showed an increase of two orders of magnitude compared to cell culture with sensitivity of 100% (7/7) when assessed using enterovirus cell culture positive samples (CSF, TS). The assays were specific for enterovirus and parechovirus and did not amplify a wide selection of virus and bacterial isolates. RNA was amplified from 22 enterovirus serotypes: coxsackie A7, A9, A21; coxsackie B2, B3, B4, B5; echovirus 2, 4, 6, 7, 9, 11, 13, 17, 18, 19, 30, 31; poliovirus types 1, 2, and 3, and parechovirus types 1 and 2. The assay was used to assess the incidence of enterovirus and parechovirus RNA in cell culture negative CSF and throat swab samples (n = 200). An additional 33 (15.9%) enterovirus and 2 (1%) parechovirus were identified as positive by RT-PCR. Also, of 100 CSF samples from suspected cases of meningococcal meningitis submitted for meningococcal PCR testing, 59 (59%) were enterovirus and 2 (2%) parechovirus 1 and 2 were positive by RT-PCR. The TaqMantrade mark duplex assay offers a more rapid and sensitive alternative to conventional cell culture for the diagnosis of enterovirus and parechovirus infection. Closed tube real-time detection using the ABI Sequence Detection System obviates the need for post-PCR manipulation, which reduces hands on time and eliminates the risk of contamination from amplified PCR product. SN - 0146-6615 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12116004/Development_and_evaluation_of_a_'real_time'_RT_PCR_for_the_detection_of_enterovirus_and_parechovirus_RNA_in_CSF_and_throat_swab_samples_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0146-6615&date=2002&volume=67&issue=4&spage=555 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -