Visceral leishmaniasis: a rare cause of post-transplant fever and pancytopenia.J Assoc Physicians India. 2002 Jul; 50:979-80.JA
Despite the endemic distribution of visceral leishmaniasis in certain parts of our country, there are only a few reports of this infection in renal transplant recipients. We report one renal transplant recipient from non-endemic area with visceral leishmaniasis and graft dysfunction that responded to treatment with stibogluconate. The infection should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a febrile transplant recipient with pancytopenia and allograft dysfunction.