Antioxidative flavonoids from leaves of Carthamus tinctorius.Arch Pharm Res. 2002 Jun; 25(3):313-9.AP
A total of eight flavonoids (1-8), including a novel quercetin-7-O-(6''-O-acetyl)-beta-D-glucopyranoside (6) and seven known flavonoids, luteolin (1), quercetin (2), luteolin 7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (3), luteolin-7-O-(6''-O-acetyl)-beta-D-glucopyranoside (4) quercetin 7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (5), acacetin 7-O-beta-D-glucuronide (7) and apigenin-6-C-beta-D-glucopyrano syl-8-C-beta-D-glucopyranoside (8), have been isolated from the leaves of the safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) and identified on the basis of spectroscopic and chemical studies. The antioxidative activity of these flavonoids was evaluated against 2-deoxyribose degradation and rat liver microsomal lipid peroxidation induced by hydroxyl radicals generated via a Fenton-type reaction. Among these flavonoids, luteolin-acetyl-glucoside (4) and quercetin-acetyl-glucoside (6) showed potent antioxidative activities against 2-deoxyribose degradation and lipid peroxidation in rat liver microsomes. Luteolin (1), quercetin (2), and their corresponding glycosides (3 & 5) also exhibited strong antioxidative activity, while acacetin glucuronide (7) and apigenin-6,8-di-C-glucoside (8) were relatively less active.