Differential effects of NMDA and AMPA/KA receptor antagonists on c-Fos or Zif/268 expression in the rat spinal dorsal horn induced by noxious thermal or mechanical stimulation, or formalin injection.Neurosci Res. 2002 Aug; 43(4):389-99.NR
The involvement of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionate (AMPA)/kainate (KA) receptors in the induction of c-Fos and Zif/268 expression in spinal dorsal horn neurons following noxious thermal or mechanical stimulation, or formalin injection into the rat hind paw was examined by intrathecal administration of a competitive NMDA receptor antagonist, 2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid (APV) or an AMPA/KA receptor antagonist, 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX), or both, 30 min prior to noxious stimulation. APV caused a significant reduction in the level of c-Fos expression in the superficial layer induced by each of these three noxious stimuli. The effects of APV on Zif/268 expression or of CNQX on c-Fos or Zif/268 expression in the superficial layer induced by these three noxious stimuli were dependent on the type of stimulus applied to the rat hind paw. The noxious thermal stimulus-evoked c-Fos expression level was reduced by APV and/or CNQX, while Zif/268 expression was hardly changed. Both c-Fos and Zif/268 expressions following formalin injection were reduced by APV alone and APV+CNQX, but not by CNQX alone. Zif/268 expression following noxious mechanical stimulation was significantly reduced only by APV+CNQX although APV or CNQX alone did not affect the expression, while c-Fos expression was reduced by APV and APV+CNQX but not by CNQX alone. These findings suggest that NMDA and AMPA/KA receptors are differentially involved in c-Fos and Zif/268 expression in the spinal dorsal horn following noxious thermal, formalin and mechanical stimulation.