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Prevalence and severity of periodontal disease at mandibular molar teeth in smokers with regular oral hygiene habits.
J Periodontol. 2002 Jul; 73(7):735-40.JP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Smoking appears to be detrimental to health because it has been associated with several diseases including cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Smoking also appears to be a major environmental factor associated with periodontal disease progression. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and severity of periodontal destruction as influenced by smoking in a Thai population.

METHODS

Gingival health and periodontal conditions at mandibular molar furcation sites in 120 Thai dental patients (60 smokers and 60 never-smokers, age range 31 to 60 years) with generally high oral hygiene standards and regular dental care habits were evaluated.

RESULTS

Smokers exhibited more frequent and severe mandibular molar periodontal destruction than never-smokers. The prevalence and severity of gingival recession, periodontal pocket formation, clinical attachment loss, furcation involvement, and tooth mobility were significantly increased in smokers compared to never-smokers. Seventy-three percent of the smokers exhibited furcation involvement in contrast to only 20% of the never-smokers.

CONCLUSIONS

The results of this study suggest that smoking appears to be a major environmental factor associated with accelerated periodontal destruction in adult smokers with generally high oral hygiene standards and regular dental care habits in a Thai population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Oral Medicine and Periodontics, Mahidol University, Faculty of Dentistry, Payathai, Bangkok, Thailand. dtvkd@mahidol.ac.thNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12146532

Citation

Kerdvongbundit, Varunee, and Ulf M E. Wikesjö. "Prevalence and Severity of Periodontal Disease at Mandibular Molar Teeth in Smokers With Regular Oral Hygiene Habits." Journal of Periodontology, vol. 73, no. 7, 2002, pp. 735-40.
Kerdvongbundit V, Wikesjö UM. Prevalence and severity of periodontal disease at mandibular molar teeth in smokers with regular oral hygiene habits. J Periodontol. 2002;73(7):735-40.
Kerdvongbundit, V., & Wikesjö, U. M. (2002). Prevalence and severity of periodontal disease at mandibular molar teeth in smokers with regular oral hygiene habits. Journal of Periodontology, 73(7), 735-40.
Kerdvongbundit V, Wikesjö UM. Prevalence and Severity of Periodontal Disease at Mandibular Molar Teeth in Smokers With Regular Oral Hygiene Habits. J Periodontol. 2002;73(7):735-40. PubMed PMID: 12146532.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and severity of periodontal disease at mandibular molar teeth in smokers with regular oral hygiene habits. AU - Kerdvongbundit,Varunee, AU - Wikesjö,Ulf M E, PY - 2002/7/31/pubmed PY - 2002/10/31/medline PY - 2002/7/31/entrez SP - 735 EP - 40 JF - Journal of periodontology JO - J Periodontol VL - 73 IS - 7 N2 - BACKGROUND: Smoking appears to be detrimental to health because it has been associated with several diseases including cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Smoking also appears to be a major environmental factor associated with periodontal disease progression. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and severity of periodontal destruction as influenced by smoking in a Thai population. METHODS: Gingival health and periodontal conditions at mandibular molar furcation sites in 120 Thai dental patients (60 smokers and 60 never-smokers, age range 31 to 60 years) with generally high oral hygiene standards and regular dental care habits were evaluated. RESULTS: Smokers exhibited more frequent and severe mandibular molar periodontal destruction than never-smokers. The prevalence and severity of gingival recession, periodontal pocket formation, clinical attachment loss, furcation involvement, and tooth mobility were significantly increased in smokers compared to never-smokers. Seventy-three percent of the smokers exhibited furcation involvement in contrast to only 20% of the never-smokers. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that smoking appears to be a major environmental factor associated with accelerated periodontal destruction in adult smokers with generally high oral hygiene standards and regular dental care habits in a Thai population. SN - 0022-3492 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12146532/Prevalence_and_severity_of_periodontal_disease_at_mandibular_molar_teeth_in_smokers_with_regular_oral_hygiene_habits_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2002.73.7.735 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -