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Working memory performance predicts subjective cognitive complaints in HIV infection.

Abstract

The authors examined the contribution of working memory performance to subjective cognitive complaints in HIV infection beyond the influence of depressive symptoms. Thirty-six adults with HIV infection were administered neuropsychological (NP) tests of working memory, complex psychomotor efficiency, verbal learning, delayed recall, and questionnaires measuring depressive symptoms and cognitive complaints. Working memory performance, depression scores, and complex psychomotor efficiency were most strongly associated with self-reported cognitive complaints, whereas verbal learning scores and simple psychomotor efficiency showed more modest associations. Regression analyses revealed working memory performance to be the strongest NP predictor of self-reported cognitive complaints, comparable with depression scores in the amount of variance explained. These results suggest that working memory performance may be well suited to reflect how patients function in their everyday environment.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors

    , , ,

    Source

    Neuropsychology 16:3 2002 Jul pg 400-10

    MeSH

    Adult
    Cognition Disorders
    Female
    HIV Seropositivity
    Humans
    Male
    Memory Disorders
    Middle Aged
    Neuropsychological Tests
    Questionnaires
    Severity of Illness Index

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    12146687

    Citation

    TY - JOUR T1 - Working memory performance predicts subjective cognitive complaints in HIV infection. AU - Bassel,Chris, AU - Rourke,Sean B, AU - Halman,Mark H, AU - Smith,Mary Lou, PY - 2002/7/31/pubmed PY - 2003/2/5/medline PY - 2002/7/31/entrez SP - 400 EP - 10 JF - Neuropsychology JO - Neuropsychology VL - 16 IS - 3 N2 - The authors examined the contribution of working memory performance to subjective cognitive complaints in HIV infection beyond the influence of depressive symptoms. Thirty-six adults with HIV infection were administered neuropsychological (NP) tests of working memory, complex psychomotor efficiency, verbal learning, delayed recall, and questionnaires measuring depressive symptoms and cognitive complaints. Working memory performance, depression scores, and complex psychomotor efficiency were most strongly associated with self-reported cognitive complaints, whereas verbal learning scores and simple psychomotor efficiency showed more modest associations. Regression analyses revealed working memory performance to be the strongest NP predictor of self-reported cognitive complaints, comparable with depression scores in the amount of variance explained. These results suggest that working memory performance may be well suited to reflect how patients function in their everyday environment. SN - 0894-4105 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12146687/Working_memory_performance_predicts_subjective_cognitive_complaints_in_HIV_infection_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/neu/16/3/400 ER -