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The relationship between body mass index and the prevalence of obesity-related diseases based on the 1995 National Health Interview Survey in Korea.
Obes Rev 2002; 3(3):191-6OR

Abstract

This study estimated the body mass index (BMI) distribution of Koreans and examined the relationship between BMI and obesity-related diseases, in particular hypertension and diabetes mellitus. We also attempted to provide primary data to determine suitable BMI cut-off points for obesity in Korea. The 1995 National Health Interview Study (NHIS) data were used to estimate BMI and the prevalence of hypertension and diabetes mellitus. A random sample of 5750 Koreans (15-69 years of age) were investigated. BMI was calculated by self-reported weights and heights. The diagnoses of hypertension and diabetes mellitus were obtained from self-reported conditions specified in response to consultations with physicians. The mean BMI was 22.6+/-2.6 kg m(-2) for males and 21.7+/-4.8 kg m(-2) for females. The prevalence of hypertension and diabetes mellitus increased with BMI. The odds ratios of the third quartile of BMI (21.9-23.8 kg m(-2)) for hypertension and diabetes mellitus compared with the first quartile were 6.04 and 3.22, respectively. The odds ratio of the fourth quartile (>23.8 kg m(-2)) of BMI was not significantly different from that of the third quartile. The risk of hypertension and diabetes mellitus increased at the third quartile of BMI (21.9-23.8 kg m(-2)), this quartile being much lower than both the current World Health Organization (WHO) BMI cut-off point of overweight of 25.0 kg m(-2), and the 90th percentile proposed in the Monica project, BMI 26.4 kg m(-2). This finding was notable considering the fact that both hypertension and diabetes mellitus occur in Koreans with lower BMIs than whites. Further studies are necessary to identify the BMI cut-off point for obesity in Korea.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Korea. ucho@plaza.snu.ac.krNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12164471

Citation

Moon, O R., et al. "The Relationship Between Body Mass Index and the Prevalence of Obesity-related Diseases Based On the 1995 National Health Interview Survey in Korea." Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, vol. 3, no. 3, 2002, pp. 191-6.
Moon OR, Kim NS, Jang SM, et al. The relationship between body mass index and the prevalence of obesity-related diseases based on the 1995 National Health Interview Survey in Korea. Obes Rev. 2002;3(3):191-6.
Moon, O. R., Kim, N. S., Jang, S. M., Yoon, T. H., & Kim, S. O. (2002). The relationship between body mass index and the prevalence of obesity-related diseases based on the 1995 National Health Interview Survey in Korea. Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 3(3), pp. 191-6.
Moon OR, et al. The Relationship Between Body Mass Index and the Prevalence of Obesity-related Diseases Based On the 1995 National Health Interview Survey in Korea. Obes Rev. 2002;3(3):191-6. PubMed PMID: 12164471.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The relationship between body mass index and the prevalence of obesity-related diseases based on the 1995 National Health Interview Survey in Korea. AU - Moon,O R, AU - Kim,N S, AU - Jang,S M, AU - Yoon,T H, AU - Kim,S O, PY - 2002/8/8/pubmed PY - 2003/1/24/medline PY - 2002/8/8/entrez SP - 191 EP - 6 JF - Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity JO - Obes Rev VL - 3 IS - 3 N2 - This study estimated the body mass index (BMI) distribution of Koreans and examined the relationship between BMI and obesity-related diseases, in particular hypertension and diabetes mellitus. We also attempted to provide primary data to determine suitable BMI cut-off points for obesity in Korea. The 1995 National Health Interview Study (NHIS) data were used to estimate BMI and the prevalence of hypertension and diabetes mellitus. A random sample of 5750 Koreans (15-69 years of age) were investigated. BMI was calculated by self-reported weights and heights. The diagnoses of hypertension and diabetes mellitus were obtained from self-reported conditions specified in response to consultations with physicians. The mean BMI was 22.6+/-2.6 kg m(-2) for males and 21.7+/-4.8 kg m(-2) for females. The prevalence of hypertension and diabetes mellitus increased with BMI. The odds ratios of the third quartile of BMI (21.9-23.8 kg m(-2)) for hypertension and diabetes mellitus compared with the first quartile were 6.04 and 3.22, respectively. The odds ratio of the fourth quartile (>23.8 kg m(-2)) of BMI was not significantly different from that of the third quartile. The risk of hypertension and diabetes mellitus increased at the third quartile of BMI (21.9-23.8 kg m(-2)), this quartile being much lower than both the current World Health Organization (WHO) BMI cut-off point of overweight of 25.0 kg m(-2), and the 90th percentile proposed in the Monica project, BMI 26.4 kg m(-2). This finding was notable considering the fact that both hypertension and diabetes mellitus occur in Koreans with lower BMIs than whites. Further studies are necessary to identify the BMI cut-off point for obesity in Korea. SN - 1467-7881 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12164471/The_relationship_between_body_mass_index_and_the_prevalence_of_obesity_related_diseases_based_on_the_1995_National_Health_Interview_Survey_in_Korea_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=1467-7881&date=2002&volume=3&issue=3&spage=191 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -