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Toxic marine dinoflagellates in Singapore waters that cause seafood poisonings.
Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2002 Sep; 29(9):829-36.CE

Abstract

1. The present paper reviews the toxic dinoflagellates found in Singapore waters that produce toxins that can accumulate through marine food chains to cause seafood poisonings. 2. Singapore waters contain dinoflagellate species linked to three types of seafood poisoning: paralytic shellfish poisoning, diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP) and ciguatera. 3. Paralytic shellfish poisoning and DSP occur by eating bivalve shellfish contaminated with saxitoxins and okadaic acid analogues, respectively. Shellfish accumulate these toxins from filter feeding on a number of species of (mostly) planktonic dinoflagellates. 4. In contrast, benthic species of dinoflagellates of the genus Gambierdiscus produce the ciguatoxins that are bioaccumulated into finfish to cause ciguatera. 5. Paralytic shellfish poisoning and DSP are the major concern for local and regionally produced seafood. To the best of our knowledge, ciguatera poisoning in Singapore only originates from imported reef fish.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Tropical Marine Science Institute, National University of Singapore, 10 Kent Ridge Crescent, Singapore 119260. dbshmj@nus.edu.sgNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12165050

Citation

Holmes, Michael James, and Serena Lay Ming Teo. "Toxic Marine Dinoflagellates in Singapore Waters That Cause Seafood Poisonings." Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology, vol. 29, no. 9, 2002, pp. 829-36.
Holmes MJ, Teo SL. Toxic marine dinoflagellates in Singapore waters that cause seafood poisonings. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2002;29(9):829-36.
Holmes, M. J., & Teo, S. L. (2002). Toxic marine dinoflagellates in Singapore waters that cause seafood poisonings. Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology, 29(9), 829-36.
Holmes MJ, Teo SL. Toxic Marine Dinoflagellates in Singapore Waters That Cause Seafood Poisonings. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2002;29(9):829-36. PubMed PMID: 12165050.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Toxic marine dinoflagellates in Singapore waters that cause seafood poisonings. AU - Holmes,Michael James, AU - Teo,Serena Lay Ming, PY - 2002/8/8/pubmed PY - 2003/2/6/medline PY - 2002/8/8/entrez SP - 829 EP - 36 JF - Clinical and experimental pharmacology & physiology JO - Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol VL - 29 IS - 9 N2 - 1. The present paper reviews the toxic dinoflagellates found in Singapore waters that produce toxins that can accumulate through marine food chains to cause seafood poisonings. 2. Singapore waters contain dinoflagellate species linked to three types of seafood poisoning: paralytic shellfish poisoning, diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP) and ciguatera. 3. Paralytic shellfish poisoning and DSP occur by eating bivalve shellfish contaminated with saxitoxins and okadaic acid analogues, respectively. Shellfish accumulate these toxins from filter feeding on a number of species of (mostly) planktonic dinoflagellates. 4. In contrast, benthic species of dinoflagellates of the genus Gambierdiscus produce the ciguatoxins that are bioaccumulated into finfish to cause ciguatera. 5. Paralytic shellfish poisoning and DSP are the major concern for local and regionally produced seafood. To the best of our knowledge, ciguatera poisoning in Singapore only originates from imported reef fish. SN - 0305-1870 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12165050/Toxic_marine_dinoflagellates_in_Singapore_waters_that_cause_seafood_poisonings_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0305-1870&date=2002&volume=29&issue=9&spage=829 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -