Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Assessing hydration status.
Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 2002; 5(5):519-24CO

Abstract

PURPOSE

Understanding the importance of euhydration in humans in order to ensure good health in various situations, the purpose of this review is to examine the available techniques in assessing hydration status.

RECENT FINDINGS

During the past 20 years, many indices have been developed to assess hydration levels accurately in humans. Changes in body weight, haematological and urine parameters, bioelectrical impedance, skinfold thickness, heart rate and blood pressure changes are among these indices. Plasma osmolality, urine osmolality and urine specific gravity are the most widely used markers of hydration. However, urine colour has also been used with reasonable accuracy when laboratory analysis is not available or when a quick estimate of hydration is necessary. Some data indicate that urine colour is as good indicator of hydration as plasma or urine osmolality or urine specific gravity.

SUMMARY

Although there is no 'gold standard' for assessment of hydration status, it appears that changes in body weight, along with urine osmolality, specific gravity, conductivity and colour are among the most widely used indices. Furthermore, they provide reasonable results, especially when the analysis is based on the first morning urine sample.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratory of Nutrition and Clinical Dietetics, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University, Athens, Greece. skav@hua.gr

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12172475

Citation

Kavouras, Stavros A.. "Assessing Hydration Status." Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care, vol. 5, no. 5, 2002, pp. 519-24.
Kavouras SA. Assessing hydration status. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2002;5(5):519-24.
Kavouras, S. A. (2002). Assessing hydration status. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care, 5(5), pp. 519-24.
Kavouras SA. Assessing Hydration Status. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2002;5(5):519-24. PubMed PMID: 12172475.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Assessing hydration status. A1 - Kavouras,Stavros A, PY - 2002/8/13/pubmed PY - 2002/12/10/medline PY - 2002/8/13/entrez SP - 519 EP - 24 JF - Current opinion in clinical nutrition and metabolic care JO - Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care VL - 5 IS - 5 N2 - PURPOSE: Understanding the importance of euhydration in humans in order to ensure good health in various situations, the purpose of this review is to examine the available techniques in assessing hydration status. RECENT FINDINGS: During the past 20 years, many indices have been developed to assess hydration levels accurately in humans. Changes in body weight, haematological and urine parameters, bioelectrical impedance, skinfold thickness, heart rate and blood pressure changes are among these indices. Plasma osmolality, urine osmolality and urine specific gravity are the most widely used markers of hydration. However, urine colour has also been used with reasonable accuracy when laboratory analysis is not available or when a quick estimate of hydration is necessary. Some data indicate that urine colour is as good indicator of hydration as plasma or urine osmolality or urine specific gravity. SUMMARY: Although there is no 'gold standard' for assessment of hydration status, it appears that changes in body weight, along with urine osmolality, specific gravity, conductivity and colour are among the most widely used indices. Furthermore, they provide reasonable results, especially when the analysis is based on the first morning urine sample. SN - 1363-1950 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12172475/Assessing_hydration_status_ L2 - http://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=12172475 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -