Testing for glaucoma with frequency-doubling perimetry in normals, ocular hypertensives, and glaucoma patients.Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2002 Aug; 240(8):658-65.GA
The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic usefulness of the FDT perimeter protocol (C-20-5) in combination with a database system for analysis of single test locations.
One hundred seventy-three ocular hypertensive eyes, 116 "preperimetric" open-angle glaucoma eyes (glaucomatous optic disc atrophy, elevated intraocular pressure, no visual field defects in standard white-on-white perimetry), 199 "perimetric" open-angle glaucoma eyes (glaucomatous optic disc atrophy and visual field defects), and 151 control eyes underwent FDT screening and conventional white-on-white perimetry. Four repeated measurements were carried out in 15 glaucoma patients at 2-h intervals to judge reproducibility of all test locations. The present screening strategy begins testing at the normal 5% probability level. If a stimulus is not detected, further targets are presented. FDT-Viewfinder and statistics software were used for case-wise recalculation of all missed localized probability levels and correlation with corresponding test locations using conventional perimetry.
Analysis of repeated measurements in patients reveals that variation of single test points can be considerable. However, the numbers of missed test-stimuli calculated globally or in quadrants are significantly correlated with corresponding Octopus visual field defects (Spearman rank correlation P<0.001). Using a predefined specificity of 96% in control eyes, 11% of ocular hypertensive eyes, 28.5% of "preperimetric" glaucoma eyes and 86.9% of "perimetric" glaucoma eyes have been classified glaucomatous using an overall score and with consideration of different cut-off points in right and left eyes.
Point-wise analysis of FDT screening results can be helpful for classification of patient groups and consideration of the individual learning curve in repeated measurements. The C-20-5 protocol of the FDT perimeter is able to detect a considerable proportion of glaucomatous patients.