New flavonol oligoglycosides and polyacylated sucroses with inhibitory effects on aldose reductase and platelet aggregation from the flowers of Prunus mume.J Nat Prod 2002; 65(8):1151-5JN
The methanolic extract from the fresh flowers of Prunus mume exhibited inhibitory effects against aldose reductase and platelet aggregation. From the methanolic extract, two new flavonol oligoglycosides, 2' '-O-acetylrutin and 2' '-O-acetyl-3'-O-methylrutin, and two new polyacylated sucroses, prunoses I and II, were isolated together with 11 known constituents. The structures of 2' '-O-acetylrutin, 2' '-O-acetyl-3'-O-methylrutin, and prunoses I and II were determined on the basis of chemical and physicochemical evidence as quercetin 3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1-->6)-2' '-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside, 3'-O-methylquercetin 3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1-->6)-2' '-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside, 1,4,3',4',6'-penta-O-acetyl-6-O-p-coumaroylsucrose, and 1,3',4',6'-tetra-O-acetyl-6-O-p-coumaroylsucrose, respectively. The flavonol glycosides and prunose I were found to inhibit aldose reductase, while prunoses I and II inhibited platelet aggregation induced by thrombin.