[Newborn with phocomelia and thrombocytopenia. Case report].Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol. 2002 Jul-Aug; 206(4):161-3.ZG
Associated malformations and symptoms may be decisive in the differential diagnosis of neonatal phocomelia. We report on a neonate with phocomelia, petechiae and thrombocytopenia. This constellation is typical for the phocomelia-thrombocytopenia-syndrome, a variant of the thrombocytopenia-absent radius-(TAR) syndrome. During the neonatal period platelet transfusions were necessary. Relevant bleeding and development delays were not evident until the age of seven months. Cardinal symptoms of the TAR syndrome are bilaterally absent radius and neonatal thrombocytopenia. The patient presented with phocomelia of the upper extremities which occurs in only 5 - 10 % of the patients with TAR syndrome. Further abnormalities include additional bone and joint disorders and haematopoietic problems, such as thrombocytopenia. Bleeding episodes mainly occur in the first year of life, hence platelet transfusions may be necessary during this period. A new experimental approach is the Interleukin-6-mediated stimulation of thrombopoiesis. Usually platelet counts reach normal values in adults. The main problem remains a satisfactory management of various limb defects.