Insulin-like growth factor binding proteins 4 and 5 and bone mineral density in elderly men and women.Calcif Tissue Int. 2002 Oct; 71(4):323-8.CT
Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-I) plays a central role in the maintenance of bone mass. To test whether two major IGF-I binding proteins, IGFBP-4 and IGFBP-5, are related to bone mineral density (BMD), we studied a sample of the Framingham Offspring Cohort participants (99 men and 101 women, ages 60-87). Serum levels of IGF-I, IGFBP-4, and IGFBP-5 were measured by previously validated radioimmunoassays (CVs approximately 10%). BMDs of the proximal femur and lumbar spine were measured using a Lunar DPX-L densitometer. In males, but not females, IGF-I and IGFBP-5 were inversely associated with age (r = 0.34 and r = -0.28, respectively; P <0.01), while IGFBP-4 levels were positively associated with age (P <0.01). Multivariate means for BMD (adjusted for age, body mass index, height, smoking, and in women, estrogen use) were computed across quartiles of IGFBP-4 and IGFBP-5 and IGFBP-4/IGFBP-5 ratio. In women, but not men, IGFBP-5 was positively associated with femoral neck BMD (P = 0.03), however, after statistical adjustment for IGF-I, this association was no longer significant. No other associations were observed for BMD at any other site. Further study is necessary for elucidation of the gender differences in the possible influence of IGF system components on bone mass.