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Cyclic adenosine monophosphate/protein kinase A mediates parathyroid hormone/parathyroid hormone-related protein receptor regulation of osteoclastogenesis and expression of RANKL and osteoprotegerin mRNAs by marrow stromal cells.
J Bone Miner Res. 2002 Sep; 17(9):1667-79.JB

Abstract

Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is a major regulator of osteoclast formation and activation, effects that are associated with reciprocal up- and down-regulation of RANKL and osteoprotegerin (OPG), respectively. The roles of specific downstream signals generated by the activated PTH/PTH-related protein (PTHrP) receptor (PTH1R), such as cyclic adenosine monophosphate/protein kinase A (cAMP/PKA) and phospholipase C/protein kinase C (PLC/PKC), in controlling RANKL and OPG expression and osteoclastogenesis remain uncertain. In MS1 conditionally transformed clonal murine marrow stromal cells, which support PTH-induced osteoclast formation from cocultured normal spleen cells, PTH(1-34) increased RANKL and macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) mRNA expression and decreased that of OPG when present continuously for 7-20 days at 37 degrees C in the presence of dexamethasone (Dex). In cells precultured for 7 days and then treated with PTH(1-34), similar reciprocal regulation of RANKL and OPG occurred, maximally at 6-24 h, that was of greater amplitude than the changes induced by chronic (7-10 days) PTH exposure. These acute effects of PTH(1-34) were mimicked by PKA stimulators (8-bromoadenosine [8Br]-cAMP or forskolin [FSK]), blocked by the PKA inhibitor Rp-cAMPs but unaffected by the PKC inhibitor GF109203X. Amino-truncated PTH(1-34) analogs PTH(5-34) and PTH(7-34) neither increased cAMP production in MS1 cells nor regulated RANKL or OPG mRNA. Reciprocal RANKL/OPG mRNA regulation was induced in MS1 cells by PTH(3-34) but only at high concentrations that also increased cAMP. The highly PKA-selective PTH analog [Gly1,Arg19]human PTH(1-28) exerted effects similar to PTH(1-34) on RANKL and OPG mRNAs and on osteoclast formation, both in MS1/spleen cell cocultures and in normal murine bone marrow cultures. The direct PKC stimulator 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (PMA) did not induce RANKL mRNA in MS1 cells, but it did up-regulate OPG mRNA and also antagonized osteoclast formation induced by PTH(1-34) in both MS1/spleen cocultures and normal bone marrow cultures. Thus, cAMP/PKA signaling via the PTH1R is the primary mechanism for controlling RANKL-dependent osteoclastogenesis, although direct PKC activation may negatively regulate this effect of PTH by inducing expression of OPG.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Endocrine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston 02114, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12211438

Citation

Kondo, Hisatomo, et al. "Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate/protein Kinase a Mediates Parathyroid Hormone/parathyroid Hormone-related Protein Receptor Regulation of Osteoclastogenesis and Expression of RANKL and Osteoprotegerin mRNAs By Marrow Stromal Cells." Journal of Bone and Mineral Research : the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, vol. 17, no. 9, 2002, pp. 1667-79.
Kondo H, Guo J, Bringhurst FR. Cyclic adenosine monophosphate/protein kinase A mediates parathyroid hormone/parathyroid hormone-related protein receptor regulation of osteoclastogenesis and expression of RANKL and osteoprotegerin mRNAs by marrow stromal cells. J Bone Miner Res. 2002;17(9):1667-79.
Kondo, H., Guo, J., & Bringhurst, F. R. (2002). Cyclic adenosine monophosphate/protein kinase A mediates parathyroid hormone/parathyroid hormone-related protein receptor regulation of osteoclastogenesis and expression of RANKL and osteoprotegerin mRNAs by marrow stromal cells. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research : the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, 17(9), 1667-79.
Kondo H, Guo J, Bringhurst FR. Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate/protein Kinase a Mediates Parathyroid Hormone/parathyroid Hormone-related Protein Receptor Regulation of Osteoclastogenesis and Expression of RANKL and Osteoprotegerin mRNAs By Marrow Stromal Cells. J Bone Miner Res. 2002;17(9):1667-79. PubMed PMID: 12211438.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cyclic adenosine monophosphate/protein kinase A mediates parathyroid hormone/parathyroid hormone-related protein receptor regulation of osteoclastogenesis and expression of RANKL and osteoprotegerin mRNAs by marrow stromal cells. AU - Kondo,Hisatomo, AU - Guo,Jun, AU - Bringhurst,F Richard, PY - 2002/9/5/pubmed PY - 2003/4/8/medline PY - 2002/9/5/entrez SP - 1667 EP - 79 JF - Journal of bone and mineral research : the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research JO - J Bone Miner Res VL - 17 IS - 9 N2 - Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is a major regulator of osteoclast formation and activation, effects that are associated with reciprocal up- and down-regulation of RANKL and osteoprotegerin (OPG), respectively. The roles of specific downstream signals generated by the activated PTH/PTH-related protein (PTHrP) receptor (PTH1R), such as cyclic adenosine monophosphate/protein kinase A (cAMP/PKA) and phospholipase C/protein kinase C (PLC/PKC), in controlling RANKL and OPG expression and osteoclastogenesis remain uncertain. In MS1 conditionally transformed clonal murine marrow stromal cells, which support PTH-induced osteoclast formation from cocultured normal spleen cells, PTH(1-34) increased RANKL and macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) mRNA expression and decreased that of OPG when present continuously for 7-20 days at 37 degrees C in the presence of dexamethasone (Dex). In cells precultured for 7 days and then treated with PTH(1-34), similar reciprocal regulation of RANKL and OPG occurred, maximally at 6-24 h, that was of greater amplitude than the changes induced by chronic (7-10 days) PTH exposure. These acute effects of PTH(1-34) were mimicked by PKA stimulators (8-bromoadenosine [8Br]-cAMP or forskolin [FSK]), blocked by the PKA inhibitor Rp-cAMPs but unaffected by the PKC inhibitor GF109203X. Amino-truncated PTH(1-34) analogs PTH(5-34) and PTH(7-34) neither increased cAMP production in MS1 cells nor regulated RANKL or OPG mRNA. Reciprocal RANKL/OPG mRNA regulation was induced in MS1 cells by PTH(3-34) but only at high concentrations that also increased cAMP. The highly PKA-selective PTH analog [Gly1,Arg19]human PTH(1-28) exerted effects similar to PTH(1-34) on RANKL and OPG mRNAs and on osteoclast formation, both in MS1/spleen cell cocultures and in normal murine bone marrow cultures. The direct PKC stimulator 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (PMA) did not induce RANKL mRNA in MS1 cells, but it did up-regulate OPG mRNA and also antagonized osteoclast formation induced by PTH(1-34) in both MS1/spleen cocultures and normal bone marrow cultures. Thus, cAMP/PKA signaling via the PTH1R is the primary mechanism for controlling RANKL-dependent osteoclastogenesis, although direct PKC activation may negatively regulate this effect of PTH by inducing expression of OPG. SN - 0884-0431 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12211438/Cyclic_adenosine_monophosphate/protein_kinase_A_mediates_parathyroid_hormone/parathyroid_hormone_related_protein_receptor_regulation_of_osteoclastogenesis_and_expression_of_RANKL_and_osteoprotegerin_mRNAs_by_marrow_stromal_cells_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1359/jbmr.2002.17.9.1667 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -