Efficacy of celecoxib versus ibuprofen in the treatment of acute pain: a multicenter, double-blind, randomized controlled trial in acute ankle sprain.Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ) 2002; 31(8):445-51AJ
Ankle sprain is a common acute soft-tissue injury that often results in pain, inflammation, and ecchymosis. In this multicenter, double-blind, randomized parallel-group study, 445 adult patients received celecoxib 400 mg/day, ibuprofen 2,400 mg/day, or placebo for 10 days. Patients had experienced grade 1 or 2 ankle sprains within 48 hours and had moderate to severe ankle pain. Patient's Global Assessment of Ankle Injury responses, given on days 4 and 8, showed that the celecoxib group improved significantly more than the placebo group did, with 67% of the celecoxib group versus 55% of the placebo group improving at day 4 (P < .05). Patient's Assessment of Ankle Pain Visual Analog Scale on Weight Bearing responses, also given on days 4 and 8, showed that celecoxib was as efficacious in the treatment of ankle sprain as the maximum therapeutic dosage of ibuprofen and that, compared with placebo, it reduced pain significantly more (P < .05). The celecoxib group recovered and returned to function earlier (after 5 days) than did either the placebo group (8 days) or the ibuprofen group (6 days); the celecoxib-placebo difference was significant. Celecoxib, a cyclo-oxygenase-2-specific inhibitor with platelet-function-sparing properties, may be useful as a multimodal adjuvant in the treatment of ankle sprain.