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[Alexithymia and alcohol dependence].
Ann Med Interne (Paris). 2002 May; 153(3 Suppl):1S51-60.AM

Abstract

Alexithymia is a term introduced by Sifneos in 1973 to describe, initially in psychosomatic patients, the inability to recognize and to express emotions. Since 1973, alexithymia has been also described in alcohol dependence. A review of these studies is proposed with the results of our study from the INSERM network "Dependence". Prevalence of alexithymia is high in alcoholic patients, between 40 and 60%. Some authors have found that alexithymia predicted poor outcome in these patients. The distinction between primary and secondary alexithymia and the relationships between depression and alexithymia are complex. The psychodynamic hypothesis that alexithymia could hold a central position secondary to early dysfunction in the construction of the psychic and somatic self can be put forward. In some circumstances, regression to this position, even after transient addictive filling-in, could lead to essential depression and to psychosomatic disease.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Service de Psychopathologie de l'Enfant et de l'Adolescent et de Psychiatrie Générale (Pr Moro), CHU Avicenne (AP-HP), Université Paris-13, 125, route de Stalingrad, 93000 Bobigny. otaieb@club-internet.frNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article
Meta-Analysis

Language

fre

PubMed ID

12218885

Citation

Taieb, Olivier, et al. "[Alexithymia and Alcohol Dependence]." Annales De Medecine Interne, vol. 153, no. 3 Suppl, 2002, pp. 1S51-60.
Taieb O, Corcos M, Loas G, et al. [Alexithymia and alcohol dependence]. Ann Med Interne (Paris). 2002;153(3 Suppl):1S51-60.
Taieb, O., Corcos, M., Loas, G., Speranza, M., Guilbaud, O., Perez-Diaz, F., Halfon, O., Lang, F., Bizouard, P., Venisse, J. L., Flament, M., & Jeammet, P. (2002). [Alexithymia and alcohol dependence]. Annales De Medecine Interne, 153(3 Suppl), 1S51-60.
Taieb O, et al. [Alexithymia and Alcohol Dependence]. Ann Med Interne (Paris). 2002;153(3 Suppl):1S51-60. PubMed PMID: 12218885.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Alexithymia and alcohol dependence]. AU - Taieb,Olivier, AU - Corcos,Maurice, AU - Loas,Gwenolé, AU - Speranza,Mario, AU - Guilbaud,Olivier, AU - Perez-Diaz,Fernando, AU - Halfon,Olivier, AU - Lang,François, AU - Bizouard,Paul, AU - Venisse,Jean-Luc, AU - Flament,Martine, AU - Jeammet,Philippe, PY - 2002/9/10/pubmed PY - 2002/10/31/medline PY - 2002/9/10/entrez SP - 1S51 EP - 60 JF - Annales de medecine interne JO - Ann Med Interne (Paris) VL - 153 IS - 3 Suppl N2 - Alexithymia is a term introduced by Sifneos in 1973 to describe, initially in psychosomatic patients, the inability to recognize and to express emotions. Since 1973, alexithymia has been also described in alcohol dependence. A review of these studies is proposed with the results of our study from the INSERM network "Dependence". Prevalence of alexithymia is high in alcoholic patients, between 40 and 60%. Some authors have found that alexithymia predicted poor outcome in these patients. The distinction between primary and secondary alexithymia and the relationships between depression and alexithymia are complex. The psychodynamic hypothesis that alexithymia could hold a central position secondary to early dysfunction in the construction of the psychic and somatic self can be put forward. In some circumstances, regression to this position, even after transient addictive filling-in, could lead to essential depression and to psychosomatic disease. SN - 0003-410X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12218885/[Alexithymia_and_alcohol_dependence]_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/7663 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -