Anti-trypanosomal activity of helenalin and some structurally related sesquiterpene lactones.Planta Med. 2002 Aug; 68(8):750-1.PM
The anti-trypanosomal activity of six sesquiterpene lactones (helenalin, mexicanin I, 11alpha,13-dihydrohelenalin acetate, chamissonolide, ivalin and isoalantolactone) against the African Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense and American T. cruzi was investigated. All tested compounds were found active towards both parasites, the former being generally more sensitive. Helenalin was the most active compound in the series with IC50 values of 0.051 and 0.695 microM against T. brucei rhodesiense and T. cruzi, respectively. The low IC50 value for T. b. rhodesiense indicates that helenalin type compounds may be interesting candidates for further evaluation.