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Regional subcutaneous-fat loss induced by caloric restriction in obese women.
Obes Res. 2002 Sep; 10(9):885-90.OR

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

With anthropometric models using skinfolds and circumferences, we studied changes in the percentage of subcutaneous fat in the total cross-sectional area (SF%) at four body sites in obese women, before and after weight loss induced by 6 months of caloric restriction.

RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES

In 61 obese women [31 African Americans and 30 whites; ages, 24 to 68 years; body mass index (BMI), > or =28 kg/m(2)], we measured SF% at the midpoint of the upper arm and thigh and the waistline and hipline, and we measured the percentage of total body fat by DXA before (Obs#1) and after (Obs#2) a 6-month nonintervention control period and then after 6 months on a 1200 kcal/d diet (Obs#3).

RESULTS

The mean body weight and BMI increased (1.8 kg and 0.61 kg/m(2); p = 0.0001), but there were no significant changes in any other body composition measurements from Obs#1 to Obs#2. The means of Obs#3 for weight and BMI decreased by 11%, and the percentage of total body fat decreased by 13% of Obs#2 mean values (p = 0.0001). The mean SF% at each site decreased 7.6% to 18.0% of the Obs#2 mean values (p < 0.001). The SF% decreases were greater at mid-arm and mid-thigh than in the cross-sectional regions at the waistline and hipline (p = 0.05). There was no interaction between age or ethnicity (p > 0.2).

CONCLUSIONS

In obese women, caloric restriction alone reduces anthropometrically measured subcutaneous fat proportionally more in peripheral than in central regions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Body Composition Unit, Obesity Research Center, Department of Medicine, St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University, 1111 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY 10025, USA. jw9@columbia.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12226136

Citation

Wang, Jack, et al. "Regional Subcutaneous-fat Loss Induced By Caloric Restriction in Obese Women." Obesity Research, vol. 10, no. 9, 2002, pp. 885-90.
Wang J, Laferrère B, Thornton JC, et al. Regional subcutaneous-fat loss induced by caloric restriction in obese women. Obes Res. 2002;10(9):885-90.
Wang, J., Laferrère, B., Thornton, J. C., Pierson, R. N., & Pi-Sunyer, F. X. (2002). Regional subcutaneous-fat loss induced by caloric restriction in obese women. Obesity Research, 10(9), 885-90.
Wang J, et al. Regional Subcutaneous-fat Loss Induced By Caloric Restriction in Obese Women. Obes Res. 2002;10(9):885-90. PubMed PMID: 12226136.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Regional subcutaneous-fat loss induced by caloric restriction in obese women. AU - Wang,Jack, AU - Laferrère,Blandine, AU - Thornton,John C, AU - Pierson,Richard N,Jr AU - Pi-Sunyer,F Xavier, PY - 2002/9/13/pubmed PY - 2003/2/11/medline PY - 2002/9/13/entrez SP - 885 EP - 90 JF - Obesity research JO - Obes Res VL - 10 IS - 9 N2 - OBJECTIVE: With anthropometric models using skinfolds and circumferences, we studied changes in the percentage of subcutaneous fat in the total cross-sectional area (SF%) at four body sites in obese women, before and after weight loss induced by 6 months of caloric restriction. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: In 61 obese women [31 African Americans and 30 whites; ages, 24 to 68 years; body mass index (BMI), > or =28 kg/m(2)], we measured SF% at the midpoint of the upper arm and thigh and the waistline and hipline, and we measured the percentage of total body fat by DXA before (Obs#1) and after (Obs#2) a 6-month nonintervention control period and then after 6 months on a 1200 kcal/d diet (Obs#3). RESULTS: The mean body weight and BMI increased (1.8 kg and 0.61 kg/m(2); p = 0.0001), but there were no significant changes in any other body composition measurements from Obs#1 to Obs#2. The means of Obs#3 for weight and BMI decreased by 11%, and the percentage of total body fat decreased by 13% of Obs#2 mean values (p = 0.0001). The mean SF% at each site decreased 7.6% to 18.0% of the Obs#2 mean values (p < 0.001). The SF% decreases were greater at mid-arm and mid-thigh than in the cross-sectional regions at the waistline and hipline (p = 0.05). There was no interaction between age or ethnicity (p > 0.2). CONCLUSIONS: In obese women, caloric restriction alone reduces anthropometrically measured subcutaneous fat proportionally more in peripheral than in central regions. SN - 1071-7323 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12226136/Regional_subcutaneous_fat_loss_induced_by_caloric_restriction_in_obese_women_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2002.121 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -