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The effects of interactive music therapy on hospitalized children with cancer: a pilot study.
Psychooncology 2002 Sep-Oct; 11(5):379-88P

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The use of music therapy with children in health settings has been documented, but its effectiveness has not yet been well established. This pilot study is a preliminary exploration of the effectiveness of interactive music therapy in reducing anxiety and increasing the comfort of hospitalized children with cancer.

METHODS

Pre- and post-music therapy measures were obtained from children (N = 65) and parents. The measures consisted of children's ratings of mood using schematic faces, parental ratings of the child's play performance, and satisfaction questionnaires completed by parents, children and staff.

RESULTS

There was a significant improvement in children's ratings of their feelings from pre- to post-music therapy. Parents perceived an improved play performance after music therapy in pre-schoolers and adolescents but not in school-aged children. Qualitative analyses of children's and parents' comments suggested a positive impact of music therapy on the child's well-being.

CONCLUSIONS

These preliminary findings are encouraging and suggest beneficial effects of interactive music therapy with hospitalized pediatric hematology/oncology patients. In future studies replicating these findings should be conducted in a randomized control trial.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, The Hospital for Sick Children & University of Toronto, On, Canada. maru.barrera@sickkids.ca

Pub Type(s)

Evaluation Studies
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12228871

Citation

Barrera, Maru E., et al. "The Effects of Interactive Music Therapy On Hospitalized Children With Cancer: a Pilot Study." Psycho-oncology, vol. 11, no. 5, 2002, pp. 379-88.
Barrera ME, Rykov MH, Doyle SL. The effects of interactive music therapy on hospitalized children with cancer: a pilot study. Psychooncology. 2002;11(5):379-88.
Barrera, M. E., Rykov, M. H., & Doyle, S. L. (2002). The effects of interactive music therapy on hospitalized children with cancer: a pilot study. Psycho-oncology, 11(5), pp. 379-88.
Barrera ME, Rykov MH, Doyle SL. The Effects of Interactive Music Therapy On Hospitalized Children With Cancer: a Pilot Study. Psychooncology. 2002;11(5):379-88. PubMed PMID: 12228871.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The effects of interactive music therapy on hospitalized children with cancer: a pilot study. AU - Barrera,Maru E, AU - Rykov,Mary H, AU - Doyle,Sandra L, PY - 2002/9/14/pubmed PY - 2002/11/26/medline PY - 2002/9/14/entrez SP - 379 EP - 88 JF - Psycho-oncology JO - Psychooncology VL - 11 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: The use of music therapy with children in health settings has been documented, but its effectiveness has not yet been well established. This pilot study is a preliminary exploration of the effectiveness of interactive music therapy in reducing anxiety and increasing the comfort of hospitalized children with cancer. METHODS: Pre- and post-music therapy measures were obtained from children (N = 65) and parents. The measures consisted of children's ratings of mood using schematic faces, parental ratings of the child's play performance, and satisfaction questionnaires completed by parents, children and staff. RESULTS: There was a significant improvement in children's ratings of their feelings from pre- to post-music therapy. Parents perceived an improved play performance after music therapy in pre-schoolers and adolescents but not in school-aged children. Qualitative analyses of children's and parents' comments suggested a positive impact of music therapy on the child's well-being. CONCLUSIONS: These preliminary findings are encouraging and suggest beneficial effects of interactive music therapy with hospitalized pediatric hematology/oncology patients. In future studies replicating these findings should be conducted in a randomized control trial. SN - 1057-9249 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12228871/The_effects_of_interactive_music_therapy_on_hospitalized_children_with_cancer:_a_pilot_study_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.589 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -