Surface and pseudo surface acoustic waves in langatate: predictions and measurements.IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control. 2002 Sep; 49(9):1291-9.IT
Langatate (LGT, La3Ga(5.5)Ta(0.5)O14) is a recent addition to materials of the trigonal crystal class 32, which is the same crystal class as quartz, langasite, langanite, and gallium phosphate. Langatate has several attractive acoustical properties, in particular: a measured bulk acoustic wave (BAW) resonator quality factor frequency product (Qf) of 16 million, comparable to that of AT cut quartz; high-piezoelectric coupling orientations, up to 0.5% for surface acoustic waves (SAWs), about five times larger than that of ST-X quartz; low power flow angle orientations in the vicinity of high coupling orientations; phase velocities about 20% smaller than those of ST-X quartz, facilitating the production of smaller, lower frequency devices; the existence of pseudo SAW modes for higher frequency applications. In this paper SAW contour plots of the phase velocity (vp), the electromechanical coupling coefficient (K2), the temperature coefficient of delay (TCD), and the power flow angle (PFA), are given showing the orientations in space in which high coupling is obtained, with the corresponding TCD, PFA, and vp characteristics for these orientations. This work reports experimental results on the SAW temperature fractional frequency variation (delta f/fo) and the TCD for several LGT orientations on the plane with Euler angles: (0 degrees, 132 degrees, psi). The temperature behavior has been measured directly on SAW wafers from 10 to 200 degrees C, and the results are compared with numerical predictions using our recently measured temperature coefficients for LGT material constants. This research also has uncovered temperature compensated orientations, which we have experimentally verified with parabolic behavior, turnover temperatures in the 130 to 160 degrees C range, and delta f/fo within 1000 ppm variation from 10 to 260 degrees C, appropriate for higher temperature device applications. Regarding the pseudo surface acoustic waves (PSAWs), results of calculations are presented for both the PSAW and the high velocity PSAW (HVPSAW) for some selected, rotated cuts. This study shows that propagation losses for the PSAWs of about 0.01 dB/wavelength, and phase velocities approximately 20% higher than that of the SAW, exist along specific orientations for the PSAW, thus showing the potential for somewhat higher frequency SAW device applications on this material, if required.