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Socioeconomic differences among Australian adults in consumption of fruit and vegetables and intakes of vitamins A, C and folate.
J Hum Nutr Diet 2002; 15(5):375-85; discussion 387-90JH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To determine whether socioeconomic groups differ in their food intakes for fruit and vegetables, their consumption of fruit and vegetables dense in vitamin A, folate and vitamin C, and their nutrient intakes of vitamin C, folate and vitamin A.

METHODS

The 1995 Australian National Nutrition Survey collected food intake data from 8883 adults aged 18-64 years using a 24-h dietary recall. Fruit and vegetables were measured as amount (g) consumed. Intakes of nutrients were estimated from the 24-h dietary recall data. Participants were categorized by whether or not they consumed fruit or vegetables high in vitamin A, folate and vitamin C. Gross annual household income was used to measure socioeconomic position.

RESULTS

Participants from low-income households consumed a smaller quantity of fruit and vegetables. They were also less likely to consume fruit and vegetables high in vitamin C, folate and vitamin A. Consistent with these findings, men and women from disadvantaged socioeconomic groups had lower intakes of vitamin C and folate compared with their more affluent counterparts. These differences were small to moderate in magnitude. Vitamin A intakes were not significantly related to income.

CONCLUSION

As well as promoting healthy dietary practices, nutrition-promotion strategies should target the nutrient intakes of lower socioeconomic groups. These programmes should focus on improving the quantity and choice of fruit and vegetables consumed by people from low-income households.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centre for Public Health Research, School of Public Health, Queensland University of Technology, Queensland, Australia. k.giskes@qut.edu.auNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12270018

Citation

Giskes, K, et al. "Socioeconomic Differences Among Australian Adults in Consumption of Fruit and Vegetables and Intakes of Vitamins A, C and Folate." Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics : the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association, vol. 15, no. 5, 2002, pp. 375-85; discussion 387-90.
Giskes K, Turrell G, Patterson C, et al. Socioeconomic differences among Australian adults in consumption of fruit and vegetables and intakes of vitamins A, C and folate. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2002;15(5):375-85; discussion 387-90.
Giskes, K., Turrell, G., Patterson, C., & Newman, B. (2002). Socioeconomic differences among Australian adults in consumption of fruit and vegetables and intakes of vitamins A, C and folate. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics : the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association, 15(5), pp. 375-85; discussion 387-90.
Giskes K, et al. Socioeconomic Differences Among Australian Adults in Consumption of Fruit and Vegetables and Intakes of Vitamins A, C and Folate. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2002;15(5):375-85; discussion 387-90. PubMed PMID: 12270018.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Socioeconomic differences among Australian adults in consumption of fruit and vegetables and intakes of vitamins A, C and folate. AU - Giskes,K, AU - Turrell,G, AU - Patterson,C, AU - Newman,B, PY - 2002/9/25/pubmed PY - 2002/11/28/medline PY - 2002/9/25/entrez SP - 375-85; discussion 387-90 JF - Journal of human nutrition and dietetics : the official journal of the British Dietetic Association JO - J Hum Nutr Diet VL - 15 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To determine whether socioeconomic groups differ in their food intakes for fruit and vegetables, their consumption of fruit and vegetables dense in vitamin A, folate and vitamin C, and their nutrient intakes of vitamin C, folate and vitamin A. METHODS: The 1995 Australian National Nutrition Survey collected food intake data from 8883 adults aged 18-64 years using a 24-h dietary recall. Fruit and vegetables were measured as amount (g) consumed. Intakes of nutrients were estimated from the 24-h dietary recall data. Participants were categorized by whether or not they consumed fruit or vegetables high in vitamin A, folate and vitamin C. Gross annual household income was used to measure socioeconomic position. RESULTS: Participants from low-income households consumed a smaller quantity of fruit and vegetables. They were also less likely to consume fruit and vegetables high in vitamin C, folate and vitamin A. Consistent with these findings, men and women from disadvantaged socioeconomic groups had lower intakes of vitamin C and folate compared with their more affluent counterparts. These differences were small to moderate in magnitude. Vitamin A intakes were not significantly related to income. CONCLUSION: As well as promoting healthy dietary practices, nutrition-promotion strategies should target the nutrient intakes of lower socioeconomic groups. These programmes should focus on improving the quantity and choice of fruit and vegetables consumed by people from low-income households. SN - 0952-3871 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12270018/Socioeconomic_differences_among_Australian_adults_in_consumption_of_fruit_and_vegetables_and_intakes_of_vitamins_A_C_and_folate_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0952-3871&date=2002&volume=15&issue=5&spage=375 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -