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Developmental regulation of baboon fetal ovarian maturation by estrogen.
Biol Reprod. 2002 Oct; 67(4):1148-56.BR

Abstract

Ovarian function in adult human and nonhuman primates is dependent on events that take place during fetal development, including the envelopment of oocytes by granulosa (i.e., folliculogenesis). However, our understanding of fetal ovarian folliculogenesis is incomplete. During baboon pregnancy, placental production and secretion of estradiol into the fetus increases with advancing gestation, and the fetal ovary expresses estrogen receptors alpha and beta in mesenchymal-epithelial cells (i.e., pregranulosa) as early as midgestation. Therefore, the current study determined whether estrogen regulates fetal ovarian follicular development. Pregnant baboons were untreated or treated with the aromatase inhibitor CGS 20267, or with CGS 20267 plus estradiol benzoate administered s.c. to the mother on Days 100-164 (term = Day 184). On Day 165, baboon fetuses were delivered by cesarean section and the number of total follicles and interfollicular nests consisting of oocytes and mesenchymal-epithelial cells in areas (0.33 mm(2)) of the outer and inner cortices of each fetal ovary were quantified using image analysis. Maternal and umbilical serum estradiol levels were decreased by >95% with CGS 20267. Treatment with CGS 20267 and estrogen restored maternal estradiol to normal and fetal estradiol to 30% of normal. Although fetal ovarian weight was unaltered, the mean number of follicles +/- SEM/0.33 mm(2) in the inner (59.0 +/- 1.7) and outer (95.3 +/- 2.4) cortical regions of fetal ovaries in untreated animals was 35%-50% lower (P < 0.01) in estrogen-depleted baboons (25.9 +/- 1.4, inner cortex; 62.5 +/- 2.7, outer cortex) and was restored to normal by treatment with CGS 20267 and estrogen. In contrast, the number of interfollicular nests was 2-fold greater (P < 0.01) in fetal ovaries of estrogen-suppressed animals, a change that was prevented by treatment with estrogen. In summary, fetal ovarian follicular development was significantly altered in baboons in which estrogen was depleted during the second half of gestation and restored to normal by estradiol. We propose that estrogen plays an integral role in regulating, and perhaps programming, primate fetal ovarian development.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Physiological Sciences, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk 23501-1980, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12297530

Citation

Zachos, Nicholas C., et al. "Developmental Regulation of Baboon Fetal Ovarian Maturation By Estrogen." Biology of Reproduction, vol. 67, no. 4, 2002, pp. 1148-56.
Zachos NC, Billiar RB, Albrecht ED, et al. Developmental regulation of baboon fetal ovarian maturation by estrogen. Biol Reprod. 2002;67(4):1148-56.
Zachos, N. C., Billiar, R. B., Albrecht, E. D., & Pepe, G. J. (2002). Developmental regulation of baboon fetal ovarian maturation by estrogen. Biology of Reproduction, 67(4), 1148-56.
Zachos NC, et al. Developmental Regulation of Baboon Fetal Ovarian Maturation By Estrogen. Biol Reprod. 2002;67(4):1148-56. PubMed PMID: 12297530.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Developmental regulation of baboon fetal ovarian maturation by estrogen. AU - Zachos,Nicholas C, AU - Billiar,Reinhart B, AU - Albrecht,Eugene D, AU - Pepe,Gerald J, PY - 2002/9/26/pubmed PY - 2003/3/12/medline PY - 2002/9/26/entrez SP - 1148 EP - 56 JF - Biology of reproduction JO - Biol Reprod VL - 67 IS - 4 N2 - Ovarian function in adult human and nonhuman primates is dependent on events that take place during fetal development, including the envelopment of oocytes by granulosa (i.e., folliculogenesis). However, our understanding of fetal ovarian folliculogenesis is incomplete. During baboon pregnancy, placental production and secretion of estradiol into the fetus increases with advancing gestation, and the fetal ovary expresses estrogen receptors alpha and beta in mesenchymal-epithelial cells (i.e., pregranulosa) as early as midgestation. Therefore, the current study determined whether estrogen regulates fetal ovarian follicular development. Pregnant baboons were untreated or treated with the aromatase inhibitor CGS 20267, or with CGS 20267 plus estradiol benzoate administered s.c. to the mother on Days 100-164 (term = Day 184). On Day 165, baboon fetuses were delivered by cesarean section and the number of total follicles and interfollicular nests consisting of oocytes and mesenchymal-epithelial cells in areas (0.33 mm(2)) of the outer and inner cortices of each fetal ovary were quantified using image analysis. Maternal and umbilical serum estradiol levels were decreased by >95% with CGS 20267. Treatment with CGS 20267 and estrogen restored maternal estradiol to normal and fetal estradiol to 30% of normal. Although fetal ovarian weight was unaltered, the mean number of follicles +/- SEM/0.33 mm(2) in the inner (59.0 +/- 1.7) and outer (95.3 +/- 2.4) cortical regions of fetal ovaries in untreated animals was 35%-50% lower (P < 0.01) in estrogen-depleted baboons (25.9 +/- 1.4, inner cortex; 62.5 +/- 2.7, outer cortex) and was restored to normal by treatment with CGS 20267 and estrogen. In contrast, the number of interfollicular nests was 2-fold greater (P < 0.01) in fetal ovaries of estrogen-suppressed animals, a change that was prevented by treatment with estrogen. In summary, fetal ovarian follicular development was significantly altered in baboons in which estrogen was depleted during the second half of gestation and restored to normal by estradiol. We propose that estrogen plays an integral role in regulating, and perhaps programming, primate fetal ovarian development. SN - 0006-3363 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12297530/Developmental_regulation_of_baboon_fetal_ovarian_maturation_by_estrogen_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/biolreprod/article-lookup/doi/10.1095/biolreprod67.4.1148 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -