Posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis with and without optic capture of the posterior chamber intraocular lens in the absence of vitrectomy.J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2002 Sep-Oct; 39(5):278-87.JP
To evaluate the efficacy of posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (PCCC) with optic capture of the posterior chamber intraocular lens (PC IOL) in the absence of vitrectomy in preventing secondary opacification of the visual axis following pediatric cataract surgery.
PATIENTS AND METHODS
Thirty-four eyes of 28 children with congenital or developmental cataract, aged 1.5 to 12 years (mean, 6.39 years), were included in this prospective, randomized study. Anterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (ACCC) with PCCC without optic capture of the PC IOL was performed in group A (18 eyes) and ACCC with PCCC with optic capture of the PC IOL was performed in group B (16 eyes). None of the eyes underwent anterior vitrectomy. Secondary opacification of the visual axis, visual acuity, and possible complications were observed and analyzed.
The follow-up period ranged from 8 to 28 months (mean, 17.5 months). All 16 eyes (100%) in group B had a clear visual axis at the end of follow-up. Eight eyes (44.4%) in group A had significant opacification of the visual axis. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P = .0011). No eye in group B required secondary intervention, whereas all 8 eyes in group A with significant secondary opacification required secondary intervention. There was no statistically significant difference in other complications such as anterior chamber reaction, fibrin formation, lenticular precipitates, and posterior synechiae. The final best-corrected visual acuity at the end of follow-up was comparable in the two groups (P > .05).
PCCC with optic capture of the PC IOL prevents secondary opacification of the visual axis even in the absence of vitrectomy.