Double-bundle posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with allograft tissue: 2-year postoperative outcomes.Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2002 Sep; 10(5):274-9.KS
In addition to minimizing graft site morbidity, providing stable fixation, and enabling early progressive rehabilitation, the ideal PCL reconstruction would closely simulate natural ligament function. This study retrospectively examined the 2-year postoperative outcomes of 19 athletically active patients referred with clinically symptomatic PCL-deficient knees. Preoperatively 18 patients had severely abnormal knee ligament examination scores, and one had an abnormal score (IKDC). All but one patient was confirmed negative for observable posterolateral corner injury via MRI. Eighteen patients had clinical evidence of posterolateral instability. All patients underwent double-bundle PCL reconstruction (using allograft tissue) without concomitant posterolateral corner reconstruction. Two years after surgery 100% of patients had normal (n=18) or near normal (n=1) passive knee joint motion. The results were: one-leg hop test, 58% normal, 37% nearly normal, 5% abnormal; knee ligament examination, 47% normal, 42% nearly normal, 5% abnormal, 5% severely abnormal; knee arthrometry, 2.4+/-2 mm posterior tibial displacement; IKDC subjective assessment section, 47% normal, 42% nearly normal, 5% abnormal, 5% severely abnormal; IKDC symptom-activity level section, 47% normal, 42% nearly normal, 5% abnormal, 5% severely abnormal; final knee ligament evaluation, 47% normal, 42% nearly normal, 5% abnormal, 5% severely abnormal; Lysholm knee scoring scale, 63% excellent, 27% good, 5% fair and 5% poor. Improved stability with clinical ligamentous laxity tests and good IKDC subjective and symptom-activity results 2 years after surgery suggest that for patients with PCL rupture and grade I or II posterolateral instability the double-bundle procedure alone sufficiently restores PCL function through a greater range of knee motion than traditional single-bundle techniques.