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Psychologic and physiologic effects of dieting in adolescents.

Abstract

Obesity in adolescents has increased by 75% in the past three decades. Cross-sectional and prospective surveys have shown that a large percentage of adolescents, particularly females and even those of normal weight, diet at some time. While moderate changes in diet and exercise have been shown to be safe, significant psychologic and physiologic consequences may occur with extreme or unhealthy dieting practices. Moderate dieting has been shown to be associated with negative self-esteem in some adolescents. The very act of starting any diet increases the risk of eating disorders in adolescent girls. Extreme methods of weight loss can have adverse physiologic effects if not closely monitored. Electrolyte disturbances, cardiac dysrhythmias, and even sudden cardiac death can result from unhealthy or extreme dieting practices. Such practices are associated with other problem behavior in adolescents. We review current information on dieting in teenagers and discuss psychologic and physiologic effects of these practices.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Child Health, University of Missouri, Columbia 65212, USA.

    , , , ,

    Source

    Southern medical journal 95:9 2002 Sep pg 1032-41

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Appetite Depressants
    Arrhythmias, Cardiac
    Diet, Reducing
    Feeding and Eating Disorders
    Female
    Humans
    Male
    Obesity
    Weight Loss

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    12356104

    Citation

    Daee, Allison, et al. "Psychologic and Physiologic Effects of Dieting in Adolescents." Southern Medical Journal, vol. 95, no. 9, 2002, pp. 1032-41.
    Daee A, Robinson P, Lawson M, et al. Psychologic and physiologic effects of dieting in adolescents. South Med J. 2002;95(9):1032-41.
    Daee, A., Robinson, P., Lawson, M., Turpin, J. A., Gregory, B., & Tobias, J. D. (2002). Psychologic and physiologic effects of dieting in adolescents. Southern Medical Journal, 95(9), pp. 1032-41.
    Daee A, et al. Psychologic and Physiologic Effects of Dieting in Adolescents. South Med J. 2002;95(9):1032-41. PubMed PMID: 12356104.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Psychologic and physiologic effects of dieting in adolescents. AU - Daee,Allison, AU - Robinson,Paul, AU - Lawson,Melissa, AU - Turpin,Julie A, AU - Gregory,Brooke, AU - Tobias,Joseph D, PY - 2002/10/3/pubmed PY - 2002/10/17/medline PY - 2002/10/3/entrez SP - 1032 EP - 41 JF - Southern medical journal JO - South. Med. J. VL - 95 IS - 9 N2 - Obesity in adolescents has increased by 75% in the past three decades. Cross-sectional and prospective surveys have shown that a large percentage of adolescents, particularly females and even those of normal weight, diet at some time. While moderate changes in diet and exercise have been shown to be safe, significant psychologic and physiologic consequences may occur with extreme or unhealthy dieting practices. Moderate dieting has been shown to be associated with negative self-esteem in some adolescents. The very act of starting any diet increases the risk of eating disorders in adolescent girls. Extreme methods of weight loss can have adverse physiologic effects if not closely monitored. Electrolyte disturbances, cardiac dysrhythmias, and even sudden cardiac death can result from unhealthy or extreme dieting practices. Such practices are associated with other problem behavior in adolescents. We review current information on dieting in teenagers and discuss psychologic and physiologic effects of these practices. SN - 0038-4348 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12356104/full_citation L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=12356104.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -