The ionized fraction of serum total magnesium in hemodialysis patients: is it really lower than in healthy subjects?Clin Nephrol 2002; 58(3):205-10CN
AIM OF THE STUDY
Based on data in the literature, it remains unclear whether the ionized fraction of serum total magnesium (Mg) is lower in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients compared to healthy subjects.
PATIENTS AND METHODS
The ionized fraction of serum total Mg was investigated in 49 HD patients, pre- and post-dialysis, and compared to 30 healthy controls. The quality of the analytical performance of the Mg measurements has been emphasized by applying a reference method and/or rigorous internal quality control (IQC). In addition, the ionized fraction of serum total calcium (Ca) was measured in both populations, because the results for Mg should be related to those of Ca.
In HD patients, the ionized fraction of serum total Mg was on average 65% (pre-dialysis 64.2% and post-dialysis 66.2%). In healthy controls, the ionized fraction was 64.9%. When the analytical variability was taken into account, no significant differences (p > 0.05) were observed between pre- and post-dialysis samples and controls. For Ca, an ionized fraction of 55.3% was found in HD patients, which was not significantly different from the fraction obtained in the control group (55.7%).
The present study demonstrates that, compared to healthy controls, the ionized fraction of serum total Mg is not different in hemodialysis patients.