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Physical activity and the gastrointestinal tract.

Abstract

Physical exercise is probably both beneficial and harmful for the gastrointestinal tract, depending partly on the training intensity. On the one hand, gastrointestinal symptoms such as heartburn, chest pain, nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, side ache and diarrhoea are common during heavy exercise. On the other hand, physical activity seems to protect from colon cancer, cholelithiasis and diverticular disease. Constipation has been shown to be related to inactivity. Despite this, no overwhelming evidence exists for a positive effect of physical exercise as a treatment option for chronic constipation. The reasons behind these somewhat discrepant effects are not understood fully. Altered gastrointestinal blood flow, effects on gastrointestinal motor function, neuroendocrine changes and mechanical effects are probably involved. Conflicting results exist regarding the effects of physical activity on gastrointestinal motility. Modern technologies now make motility studies in various parts of the gastrointestinal tract possible. More studies are needed to understand better the effects of physical exercise on the gastrointestinal tract. In particular, the relationship between the training intensity and duration and positive and negative alterations in gastrointestinal physiology needs to be addressed further.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    Section of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, 41345 Gothenburg, Sweden. magnus.simren@medicine.gu.se

    Source

    MeSH

    Exercise
    Gastrointestinal Diseases
    Humans

    Pub Type(s)

    Comment
    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    12362093

    Citation

    Simrén, Magnus. "Physical Activity and the Gastrointestinal Tract." European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, vol. 14, no. 10, 2002, pp. 1053-6.
    Simrén M. Physical activity and the gastrointestinal tract. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2002;14(10):1053-6.
    Simrén, M. (2002). Physical activity and the gastrointestinal tract. European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, 14(10), pp. 1053-6.
    Simrén M. Physical Activity and the Gastrointestinal Tract. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2002;14(10):1053-6. PubMed PMID: 12362093.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Physical activity and the gastrointestinal tract. A1 - Simrén,Magnus, PY - 2002/10/4/pubmed PY - 2003/3/1/medline PY - 2002/10/4/entrez SP - 1053 EP - 6 JF - European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology JO - Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol VL - 14 IS - 10 N2 - Physical exercise is probably both beneficial and harmful for the gastrointestinal tract, depending partly on the training intensity. On the one hand, gastrointestinal symptoms such as heartburn, chest pain, nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, side ache and diarrhoea are common during heavy exercise. On the other hand, physical activity seems to protect from colon cancer, cholelithiasis and diverticular disease. Constipation has been shown to be related to inactivity. Despite this, no overwhelming evidence exists for a positive effect of physical exercise as a treatment option for chronic constipation. The reasons behind these somewhat discrepant effects are not understood fully. Altered gastrointestinal blood flow, effects on gastrointestinal motor function, neuroendocrine changes and mechanical effects are probably involved. Conflicting results exist regarding the effects of physical activity on gastrointestinal motility. Modern technologies now make motility studies in various parts of the gastrointestinal tract possible. More studies are needed to understand better the effects of physical exercise on the gastrointestinal tract. In particular, the relationship between the training intensity and duration and positive and negative alterations in gastrointestinal physiology needs to be addressed further. SN - 0954-691X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12362093/full_citation L2 - http://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=12362093 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -