Toxicity and bioaccumulation of copper in three green microalgal species.Chemosphere. 2002 Nov; 49(5):471-6.C
The effective concentrations of copper on the inhibition of the growth of Scenedesmus obliquus, Chlorella pyrenoidosa and Closterium lunula at 96 h (96 h EC50) were determined to be 50, 68 and 200 microg/l, respectively. The low initial bioaccumulation of Cu by C. lunula was found to be responsible for its tolerance to Cu. The amount of Cu accumulated by all three microalgae reached the maximum value and decreased quickly after the peak followed by a slow decrease over the next 6 d. Bioaccumulation of Cu by C. lunula was directly proportional to the initial Cu concentration. After reaching the first peak after 1 d, the bioconcentration factor of Cu by microalgae declined to its minimum value during the exponential growth phase but increased in the stationary growth phase again. This indicates that desorption of Cu from microalgae was higher during the exponential growth phase but lower in the stationary growth phase. Smaller microalgae with low 96 h EC50 values are more efficient in removing Cu from wastewater.