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Food groups and risk of lung cancer in Uruguay.
Lung Cancer 2002; 38(1):1-7LC

Abstract

The objective of the present study was to estimate the risk of lung cancer associated with several food groups. The study included 1,032 cases with lung cancer and 1,030 hospitalized controls, admitted to the Cancer Institute of Montevideo in the period 1988-2000. Total meat intake was directly associated with lung cancer (OR 1.6, 95% CI 1.2-2.2) whereas total vegetables and total fruits were inversely associated with lung cancer risk. When vegetable and fruit intakes were further adjusted for smoking status, years since quit, cigarettes/day and age at start, the protective effect was attenuated for plant foods (total vegetables and fruits). Also, the effect of vegetables and fruits was closest to the null among smokers of black tobacco and hand-rolled cigarettes. Thus, the present study is consistent in showing moderate associations with major food groups (meat, vegetables and fruits), and strongly suggests that the stringent control of tobacco smoking is mandatory in studies dealing with diet and lung cancer risk.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Registro Nacional de Cáncer, Avda.-Brasi1 3080 dep. 402, Montevideo, Uruguay.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12367786

Citation

De Stefani, Eduardo, et al. "Food Groups and Risk of Lung Cancer in Uruguay." Lung Cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands), vol. 38, no. 1, 2002, pp. 1-7.
De Stefani E, Brennan P, Ronco A, et al. Food groups and risk of lung cancer in Uruguay. Lung Cancer. 2002;38(1):1-7.
De Stefani, E., Brennan, P., Ronco, A., Fierro, L., Correa, P., Boffetta, P., ... Barrios, E. (2002). Food groups and risk of lung cancer in Uruguay. Lung Cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 38(1), pp. 1-7.
De Stefani E, et al. Food Groups and Risk of Lung Cancer in Uruguay. Lung Cancer. 2002;38(1):1-7. PubMed PMID: 12367786.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Food groups and risk of lung cancer in Uruguay. AU - De Stefani,Eduardo, AU - Brennan,Paul, AU - Ronco,Alvaro, AU - Fierro,Luis, AU - Correa,Pelayo, AU - Boffetta,Paolo, AU - Deneo-Pellegrini,Hugo, AU - Barrios,Enrique, PY - 2002/10/9/pubmed PY - 2003/4/16/medline PY - 2002/10/9/entrez SP - 1 EP - 7 JF - Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) JO - Lung Cancer VL - 38 IS - 1 N2 - The objective of the present study was to estimate the risk of lung cancer associated with several food groups. The study included 1,032 cases with lung cancer and 1,030 hospitalized controls, admitted to the Cancer Institute of Montevideo in the period 1988-2000. Total meat intake was directly associated with lung cancer (OR 1.6, 95% CI 1.2-2.2) whereas total vegetables and total fruits were inversely associated with lung cancer risk. When vegetable and fruit intakes were further adjusted for smoking status, years since quit, cigarettes/day and age at start, the protective effect was attenuated for plant foods (total vegetables and fruits). Also, the effect of vegetables and fruits was closest to the null among smokers of black tobacco and hand-rolled cigarettes. Thus, the present study is consistent in showing moderate associations with major food groups (meat, vegetables and fruits), and strongly suggests that the stringent control of tobacco smoking is mandatory in studies dealing with diet and lung cancer risk. SN - 0169-5002 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12367786/Food_groups_and_risk_of_lung_cancer_in_Uruguay_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0169500202001472 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -