[Analysis of IgE reactivities of purified allergens from Candida albicans and Malassezia furfur among patients with atopic dermatitis].Arerugi. 2002 Aug; 51(8):615-21.A
We analyzed the reactivities of a series of purified allergens from Candida albicans (C. albicans) and Malassezia furfur (M. furfur) with IgE antibodies in sera from patients with atopic dermatitis. We compared the specific IgE antibody levels to manganese superoxide dismutase (Mn SOD), cyclophilin, enolase, secretory aspartic protease (SAP 2) and type A mannan from C. albicans and Mn SOD, cyclophilin and Mal f 2 from M. furfur in 21 sera from patients with atopic dermatitis and 20 sera from patients with asthma without atopic dermatitis. The prevalence of IgE antibodies and the mean IgE antibody levels to all of the allergens tested were higher among patients with atopic dermatitis than among those with asthma without atopic dermatitis. More than 50% of patients with atopic dermatitis were IgE antibody-positive to Mn SOD, cyclophilin and type A mannan from C. albicans, and Mn SOD and cyclophilin from M. furfur. The availability of these purified allergens will facilitate studies on the contribution of fungal allergens to the development of atopic dermatitis.