Contribution of angiotensin II internalization to intrarenal angiotensin II levels in rats.Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2002 Nov; 283(5):F1003-10.AJ
This study was designed to determine the involvement of AT(1) receptors in the uptake of ANG II in the kidney of rats exposed to differing salt intake. Male Wistar-Kyoto rats were treated with a normal-salt (NS; 1% NaCl, n = 7) or a low-salt (LS; 0.025% NaCl, n = 7) diet combined with (LS+Los, n = 7; NS+Los, n = 7) or without losartan (30 mg. kg(-1). day(-1)), an AT(1) receptor antagonist. Renin (RA) and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activities and angiotensinogen, ANG I, and ANG II levels were measured in plasma, renal cortex, and medulla. In LS rats, in both plasma and renal cortex, the increase in RA was associated with an increase in ANG I and ANG II levels compared with NS rats, but intrarenal ANG II levels increased more than ANG I levels. In NS+Los rats, the increase in RA in plasma was followed by a marked increase in plasma ANG I and ANG II levels compared with NS rats whereas in the kidney the increase of renal RA was followed by a decrease of the levels of these peptides. The same pattern was observed in LS+Los rats, but the decrease in renal ANG II levels was much more pronounced in LS+Los rats than in NS+Los rats. Our results suggest that the increase in renal ANG II levels after salt restriction results mainly from an uptake of ANG II, via AT(1) receptors. Such elevated intrarenal ANG II levels could contribute to maintain sodium and fluid balance and arterial blood pressure during salt-deficiency states.