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Awareness of the risks of tanning lamps does not influence behavior among college students.

Abstract

HYPOTHESIS

Awareness of the risks of artificial tanning influences tanning behavior among college students.

OBJECTIVE

To correlate the prevalence of tanning lamp use, the perceived benefits and risks associated with UV exposure, and knowledge about skin cancer among university students.

DESIGN

A survey was designed and administered to college students seeking "walk-in" care at a university student health center from September 7, 1999, through September 30, 1999.

SETTING

A large midwestern public university student health center.

PARTICIPANTS

Undergraduate and graduate students attending the student health center for any medical condition.

INTERVENTION

None.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE

Completion of the survey.

RESULTS

Of the surveyed students, 47% had used a tanning lamp during the preceding 12 months. Female students were more common users than male students. Of the students surveyed, 39% reported never having used tanning lamps. More than 90% of users of tanning lamps were aware that premature aging and skin cancer were possible complications of tanning lamp use.

CONCLUSIONS

Despite adequate knowledge of the adverse effects of UV exposure, university students freely and frequently use tanning lamps, primarily for desired cosmetic appearance. To alter this risky behavior will require a fundamental change in the societal belief that tans are attractive and healthy.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Dermatology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, USA.

    , ,

    Source

    Archives of dermatology 138:10 2002 Oct pg 1311-5

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adult
    Attitude to Health
    Awareness
    Data Collection
    Female
    Health Behavior
    Humans
    Incidence
    Logistic Models
    Male
    Odds Ratio
    Probability
    Risk Assessment
    Sex Distribution
    Skin Neoplasms
    Students
    Sunburn
    Surveys and Questionnaires
    Ultraviolet Rays
    Ultraviolet Therapy
    Universities

    Pub Type(s)

    Comparative Study
    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    12374536

    Citation

    Knight, J Matthew, et al. "Awareness of the Risks of Tanning Lamps Does Not Influence Behavior Among College Students." Archives of Dermatology, vol. 138, no. 10, 2002, pp. 1311-5.
    Knight JM, Kirincich AN, Farmer ER, et al. Awareness of the risks of tanning lamps does not influence behavior among college students. Arch Dermatol. 2002;138(10):1311-5.
    Knight, J. M., Kirincich, A. N., Farmer, E. R., & Hood, A. F. (2002). Awareness of the risks of tanning lamps does not influence behavior among college students. Archives of Dermatology, 138(10), pp. 1311-5.
    Knight JM, et al. Awareness of the Risks of Tanning Lamps Does Not Influence Behavior Among College Students. Arch Dermatol. 2002;138(10):1311-5. PubMed PMID: 12374536.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Awareness of the risks of tanning lamps does not influence behavior among college students. AU - Knight,J Matthew, AU - Kirincich,Anna N, AU - Farmer,Evan R, AU - Hood,Antoinette F, PY - 2002/10/11/pubmed PY - 2002/11/26/medline PY - 2002/10/11/entrez SP - 1311 EP - 5 JF - Archives of dermatology JO - Arch Dermatol VL - 138 IS - 10 N2 - HYPOTHESIS: Awareness of the risks of artificial tanning influences tanning behavior among college students. OBJECTIVE: To correlate the prevalence of tanning lamp use, the perceived benefits and risks associated with UV exposure, and knowledge about skin cancer among university students. DESIGN: A survey was designed and administered to college students seeking "walk-in" care at a university student health center from September 7, 1999, through September 30, 1999. SETTING: A large midwestern public university student health center. PARTICIPANTS: Undergraduate and graduate students attending the student health center for any medical condition. INTERVENTION: None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Completion of the survey. RESULTS: Of the surveyed students, 47% had used a tanning lamp during the preceding 12 months. Female students were more common users than male students. Of the students surveyed, 39% reported never having used tanning lamps. More than 90% of users of tanning lamps were aware that premature aging and skin cancer were possible complications of tanning lamp use. CONCLUSIONS: Despite adequate knowledge of the adverse effects of UV exposure, university students freely and frequently use tanning lamps, primarily for desired cosmetic appearance. To alter this risky behavior will require a fundamental change in the societal belief that tans are attractive and healthy. SN - 0003-987X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12374536/Awareness_of_the_risks_of_tanning_lamps_does_not_influence_behavior_among_college_students_ L2 - https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamadermatology/fullarticle/vol/138/pg/1311 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -