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Epidemiologic response to anthrax outbreaks: field investigations, 1950-2001.
Emerg Infect Dis. 2002 Oct; 8(10):1163-74.EI

Abstract

We used unpublished reports, published manuscripts, and communication with investigators to identify and summarize 49 anthrax-related epidemiologic field investigations conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention from 1950 to August 2001. Of 41 investigations in which Bacillus anthracis caused human or animal disease, 24 were in agricultural settings, 11 in textile mills, and 6 in other settings. Among the other investigations, two focused on building decontamination, one was a response to bioterrorism threats, and five involved other causes. Knowledge gained in these investigations helped guide the public health response to the October 2001 intentional release of B. anthracis, especially by addressing the management of anthrax threats, prevention of occupational anthrax, use of antibiotic prophylaxis in exposed persons, use of vaccination, spread of B. anthracis spores in aerosols, clinical diagnostic and laboratory confirmation methods, techniques for environmental sampling of exposed surfaces, and methods for decontaminating buildings.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Meta-Analysis
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12396934

Citation

Bales, Michael E., et al. "Epidemiologic Response to Anthrax Outbreaks: Field Investigations, 1950-2001." Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 8, no. 10, 2002, pp. 1163-74.
Bales ME, Dannenberg AL, Brachman PS, et al. Epidemiologic response to anthrax outbreaks: field investigations, 1950-2001. Emerging Infect Dis. 2002;8(10):1163-74.
Bales, M. E., Dannenberg, A. L., Brachman, P. S., Kaufmann, A. F., Klatsky, P. C., & Ashford, D. A. (2002). Epidemiologic response to anthrax outbreaks: field investigations, 1950-2001. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 8(10), 1163-74.
Bales ME, et al. Epidemiologic Response to Anthrax Outbreaks: Field Investigations, 1950-2001. Emerging Infect Dis. 2002;8(10):1163-74. PubMed PMID: 12396934.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Epidemiologic response to anthrax outbreaks: field investigations, 1950-2001. AU - Bales,Michael E, AU - Dannenberg,Andrew L, AU - Brachman,Philip S, AU - Kaufmann,Arnold F, AU - Klatsky,Peter C, AU - Ashford,David A, PY - 2002/10/25/pubmed PY - 2002/12/28/medline PY - 2002/10/25/entrez SP - 1163 EP - 74 JF - Emerging infectious diseases JO - Emerging Infect. Dis. VL - 8 IS - 10 N2 - We used unpublished reports, published manuscripts, and communication with investigators to identify and summarize 49 anthrax-related epidemiologic field investigations conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention from 1950 to August 2001. Of 41 investigations in which Bacillus anthracis caused human or animal disease, 24 were in agricultural settings, 11 in textile mills, and 6 in other settings. Among the other investigations, two focused on building decontamination, one was a response to bioterrorism threats, and five involved other causes. Knowledge gained in these investigations helped guide the public health response to the October 2001 intentional release of B. anthracis, especially by addressing the management of anthrax threats, prevention of occupational anthrax, use of antibiotic prophylaxis in exposed persons, use of vaccination, spread of B. anthracis spores in aerosols, clinical diagnostic and laboratory confirmation methods, techniques for environmental sampling of exposed surfaces, and methods for decontaminating buildings. SN - 1080-6040 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12396934/full_citation L2 - https://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol8no10/02-0223.htm DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -