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Self-determination, smoking, diet and health.
Health Educ Res. 2002 Oct; 17(5):512-21.HE

Abstract

A Clinical Trial will test (1) a Self-Determination Theory (SDT) model of maintained smoking cessation and diet improvement, and (2) an SDT intervention, relative to usual care, for facilitating maintained behavior change and decreasing depressive symptoms for those who quit smoking. SDT is the only empirically derived theory which emphasizes patient autonomy and has a validated measure for each of its constructs, and this is the first trial to evaluate an SDT intervention. Adult smokers will be stratified for whether they are at National Cholesterol Education Program (1996) recommended goal for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). Those with elevated LDL-C will be studied for diet improvement as well as smoking cessation. Six-month interventions involve a behavior-change counselor using principles of SDT to facilitate autonomous motivation and perceived competence for healthier behaving. Cotinine-validated smoking cessation and LDL-C-validated dietary recall of reduced fat intake, as well as depressive symptoms, will be assessed at 6 and 18 months. Structural equation modeling will test the model for both behaviors within the intervention and usual-care conditions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine, University of Rochester, NY 14627, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12408196

Citation

Williams, Geoffrey C., et al. "Self-determination, Smoking, Diet and Health." Health Education Research, vol. 17, no. 5, 2002, pp. 512-21.
Williams GC, Minicucci DS, Kouides RW, et al. Self-determination, smoking, diet and health. Health Educ Res. 2002;17(5):512-21.
Williams, G. C., Minicucci, D. S., Kouides, R. W., Levesque, C. S., Chirkov, V. I., Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2002). Self-determination, smoking, diet and health. Health Education Research, 17(5), 512-21.
Williams GC, et al. Self-determination, Smoking, Diet and Health. Health Educ Res. 2002;17(5):512-21. PubMed PMID: 12408196.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Self-determination, smoking, diet and health. AU - Williams,Geoffrey C, AU - Minicucci,Daryl S, AU - Kouides,Ruth W, AU - Levesque,Chantal S, AU - Chirkov,Valery I, AU - Ryan,Richard M, AU - Deci,Edward L, PY - 2002/11/1/pubmed PY - 2002/12/10/medline PY - 2002/11/1/entrez SP - 512 EP - 21 JF - Health education research JO - Health Educ Res VL - 17 IS - 5 N2 - A Clinical Trial will test (1) a Self-Determination Theory (SDT) model of maintained smoking cessation and diet improvement, and (2) an SDT intervention, relative to usual care, for facilitating maintained behavior change and decreasing depressive symptoms for those who quit smoking. SDT is the only empirically derived theory which emphasizes patient autonomy and has a validated measure for each of its constructs, and this is the first trial to evaluate an SDT intervention. Adult smokers will be stratified for whether they are at National Cholesterol Education Program (1996) recommended goal for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). Those with elevated LDL-C will be studied for diet improvement as well as smoking cessation. Six-month interventions involve a behavior-change counselor using principles of SDT to facilitate autonomous motivation and perceived competence for healthier behaving. Cotinine-validated smoking cessation and LDL-C-validated dietary recall of reduced fat intake, as well as depressive symptoms, will be assessed at 6 and 18 months. Structural equation modeling will test the model for both behaviors within the intervention and usual-care conditions. SN - 0268-1153 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12408196/Self_determination_smoking_diet_and_health_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/her/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/her/17.5.512 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -