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Iron deficiency--United States, 1999-2000.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2002; 51(40):897-9MM

Abstract

Iron deficiency, the most common nutritional deficiency worldwide, has negative effects on work capacity and on motor and mental development in infants, children, and adolescents, and maternal iron deficiency anemia might cause low birthweight and preterm delivery. Although iron deficiency is more common in developing countries, a significant prevalence was observed in the United States during the early 1990s among certain populations, such as toddlers and females of childbearing age. One of the national health objectives for 2010 is to reduce iron deficiency in these vulnerable populations by 3-4 percentage points (objective no. 19-12). CDC has published recommendations to prevent iron deficiency in the United States. To characterize the iron status of persons in the United States, CDC calculated the prevalence of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia by applying a multiple-indicator model to data from the 1999-2000 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 1999-2000). These values were compared with those observed in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III [1988-1994]) using the same multiple-indicator model. This report summarizes the results of this analysis, which indicate that iron deficiency remains 2-5 percentage points above the 2010 national health objectives. To prevent iron deficiency, vulnerable populations should be encouraged to eat iron-rich foods and breast-feed or use iron-fortified formula for infants.

Authors

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12418542

Citation

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). "Iron deficiency--United States, 1999-2000." MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 51, no. 40, 2002, pp. 897-9.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Iron deficiency--United States, 1999-2000. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2002;51(40):897-9.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2002). Iron deficiency--United States, 1999-2000. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 51(40), pp. 897-9.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Iron deficiency--United States, 1999-2000. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2002 Oct 11;51(40):897-9. PubMed PMID: 12418542.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Iron deficiency--United States, 1999-2000. A1 - ,, PY - 2002/11/7/pubmed PY - 2002/11/26/medline PY - 2002/11/7/entrez SP - 897 EP - 9 JF - MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report JO - MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep. VL - 51 IS - 40 N2 - Iron deficiency, the most common nutritional deficiency worldwide, has negative effects on work capacity and on motor and mental development in infants, children, and adolescents, and maternal iron deficiency anemia might cause low birthweight and preterm delivery. Although iron deficiency is more common in developing countries, a significant prevalence was observed in the United States during the early 1990s among certain populations, such as toddlers and females of childbearing age. One of the national health objectives for 2010 is to reduce iron deficiency in these vulnerable populations by 3-4 percentage points (objective no. 19-12). CDC has published recommendations to prevent iron deficiency in the United States. To characterize the iron status of persons in the United States, CDC calculated the prevalence of iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia by applying a multiple-indicator model to data from the 1999-2000 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 1999-2000). These values were compared with those observed in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III [1988-1994]) using the same multiple-indicator model. This report summarizes the results of this analysis, which indicate that iron deficiency remains 2-5 percentage points above the 2010 national health objectives. To prevent iron deficiency, vulnerable populations should be encouraged to eat iron-rich foods and breast-feed or use iron-fortified formula for infants. SN - 0149-2195 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12418542/Iron_deficiency__United_States_1999_2000_ L2 - http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5140a1.htm DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -