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[Psychosomatic medicine--historical models and current theories].
Wien Med Wochenschr. 2002; 152(19-20):488-94.WM

Abstract

The term psychosomatic medicine has two meanings: first it represents a specific scientific approach in medicine that encompasses methodologies from natural sciences as well as social and human sciences. Second it denotes a clinical speciality that aims at applying this complex scientific background to diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. In this review partly contrasting concepts in medicine are outlined in order to discuss current psychosomatic theories and models. This reflection based on philosophy of science shows that the heterogeneity of the concepts in medicine expresses differences in the predominance of phenomenologic, dialectic, empiric-analytic and hermeneutic methodology. In psychosomatic medicine a critical evaluation and integration of the applied methodologies is regarded as scientific prerequisite and ethical demand. These hypotheses are also shared by medical anthropology (v. Weizsäcker), theoretical pathology (Doerr and Schipperges), and by the concepts of Uexküll (Situationskreis) and Hahn (Methodenkreis); they also serve as the fundamental basis for this article.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Universitätsklinik für Medizinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 39, A-8036 Graz. walter.pieringer@kfunigraz.ac.atNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Historical Article
Journal Article

Language

ger

PubMed ID

12428496

Citation

Pieringer, W, et al. "[Psychosomatic Medicine--historical Models and Current Theories]." Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift (1946), vol. 152, no. 19-20, 2002, pp. 488-94.
Pieringer W, Meran JG, Stix P, et al. [Psychosomatic medicine--historical models and current theories]. Wien Med Wochenschr. 2002;152(19-20):488-94.
Pieringer, W., Meran, J. G., Stix, P., & Fazekas, C. h. (2002). [Psychosomatic medicine--historical models and current theories]. Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift (1946), 152(19-20), 488-94.
Pieringer W, et al. [Psychosomatic Medicine--historical Models and Current Theories]. Wien Med Wochenschr. 2002;152(19-20):488-94. PubMed PMID: 12428496.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Psychosomatic medicine--historical models and current theories]. AU - Pieringer,W, AU - Meran,J G, AU - Stix,P, AU - Fazekas,Ch, PY - 2002/11/14/pubmed PY - 2003/2/25/medline PY - 2002/11/14/entrez SP - 488 EP - 94 JF - Wiener medizinische Wochenschrift (1946) JO - Wien Med Wochenschr VL - 152 IS - 19-20 N2 - The term psychosomatic medicine has two meanings: first it represents a specific scientific approach in medicine that encompasses methodologies from natural sciences as well as social and human sciences. Second it denotes a clinical speciality that aims at applying this complex scientific background to diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. In this review partly contrasting concepts in medicine are outlined in order to discuss current psychosomatic theories and models. This reflection based on philosophy of science shows that the heterogeneity of the concepts in medicine expresses differences in the predominance of phenomenologic, dialectic, empiric-analytic and hermeneutic methodology. In psychosomatic medicine a critical evaluation and integration of the applied methodologies is regarded as scientific prerequisite and ethical demand. These hypotheses are also shared by medical anthropology (v. Weizsäcker), theoretical pathology (Doerr and Schipperges), and by the concepts of Uexküll (Situationskreis) and Hahn (Methodenkreis); they also serve as the fundamental basis for this article. SN - 0043-5341 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12428496/[Psychosomatic_medicine__historical_models_and_current_theories]_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -